杭州梦想小镇概念规划设计 | 荷兰NITA设计集团
The planning scope begins from Hangzhou Normal University in the east to East-West Avenue in the west, while between Haishu Road, Yuhangtan South Road and Xuanhang Railway in North-South direction. The total land area is around 3.47 square kilometers.
Researching the functional position of Dream Town and its historical background; Defining design style of Dream Town and orientation of construction control; Processing the repair, transformation, updating and expansion of Dream Town; Improving the quality of residential environment; Achieving the rebuild of production, life and ecology. Through these methods, supporting the construction of college students' entrepreneurial towns and fund towns in Zhejiang Province, and balancing funds at the same time.
Organization of Land use
On the basis of fully relying on and utilizing the existing production and living functions, local field texture and historical context of the dream town, making reasonable integration and combing. On the basis of clarifying the growth form and architectural style of the dream town, rationally organizing the functional layout of the land use. In order to plan a town to become a habitable town, a small town, a production town, an entrepreneurial town, a leisure town, a tourist town, a slow-live town, a town suitable for young people, and a town suitable for funds and financial companies.
The first phase of the plan mainly emphasis on the functions of college students' entrepreneurial towns and fund towns, which needs a detail design and it’s planned to be completed it before 2017. The second phase of the plan is mainly to do a good job of organization of service facilities and resettlement; While the phase three is aim to consider future development and finance balance.
From inspiration to theme
The design of the town is inspired by the photos of several warehouses in Cangqian Town: the quaint and tranquil village is submerged in a large area of rice fields. The texture of the farmland and the rice waves symbolizing the harvest is the perfect combination of solemnity and elegance. A round water system makes the space agile, and the large farmland inside and outside the water system is full of pastoral scenery, symbolizing infinitely extense hope with the poetry of the pastoral nostalgia. The linear "rice field" texture and the curved "rice wave" form are interwoven with the site's annular water system, which is both a landscape connection and an image convergence. This pure and simple country image deeply touches the hearts of designers who live and work in big cities, forming a perceptual cognition of the image of the venue; and the word "dream" is associated with "struggle" and "hope.", formed a rational clue to the theme illustration. The theme of the town of “Dream ‘O Town’, Hope Field” is clearly depicted.
Design philosophy: "Tian" is hopeful, ecological, and in front of the warehouse. Life is not only in front of you, but also in poetry and distant fields!
1) 地貌肌理、网格布局 Geomorphology, grid layout
The location of the featured towns is mostly in the village or the junction of cities and villages, showing the characteristics of the site surrounded and separated by farmland or water network. According to the analysis of the texture of the field in Dream town, the grid space formed by the texture and scale of the field. “field” not only fits the topographical features of the town, but also makes the town more idyllic and true.
In the Chinese civilization, people's dependence on the "field" result to the understanding of the homeland, and the use of the "field" to refine the spatial structure of the town, which fits the Chinese demand in deep-level psychological aspect for thousands of years, which can stimulate newcomers to find spiritual homes by themselves.
The planning of dream town, through the shaping of culture, forms a friendly atmosphere, giving entrepreneurs a sense of belonging and gradually identifying it as their own spiritual homes. The space intention of “O” town makes the town space have a cohesive and united energy, that can form a sense of territory for people; In the “Dream Avenue” area, a water surface projection with the LOGO of the resident companies is designed to give the town’s enterprise a strong sense of existence. It is this kind of sense of existence and the sense of territory can make people who works inside feels a sense of belonging of homes.
The three most characteristic blocks of the ecological park, Cangqian ancient town and cement plant are connected through the field-specific field ring, and the residential ring and office ring are constructed with the field ring as the link to form the circle structure of the dream garden town.
设计团队深入研究了杭州仓前梦想小镇平面网格规划布局的尺度模数，结合对国际上三个典型小镇案例尺度分析，得出小街区尺度一般是25×25 米左右，中等街区尺度一般是30×70 米左右，大型街区尺度一般是60×110 米左右。最终，在梦想小镇的网格尺度上，选择了（25-60）×（70-110）米作为规划的基础模数。
The basic modulus of the plan
The design team in-depth study of the scale modulus of the layout of the plane grid layout of the dream town in Cangqian, Hangzhou, combined with the analysis of the scale of the three typical towns in the world, the scale of the small block is generally about 25 × 25 meters, the medium block scale Generally, it is about 30×70 meters, and the size of a large block is generally about 60×110 meters. Finally, on the grid scale of the dream town, (25-60) × (70-110) meters was selected as the basic modulus of the plan.
Building scale and line of sight
During the process of Dream town design, the reasonable scale ratio between the open space and the building is fully considered, and the building is placed in an angle range accessible to the line of sight, which can eliminate the feeling of depression sense caused by narrow space, ensuring that when person is working, living, and communicating, that can meet the demands of psychological comfort. In the style of architecture, through the analysis of traditional houses in Jiangnan, some cultural symbols were extracted in order to guide the design of modern architectural forms, allowing modern architecture to interpret traditional culture and impress the memory of places. Through the analysis and recombination of the typical “powder wall and tile” style of Jiangnan traditional dwellings ensures that the new buildings not only has the cultural connotation of traditional architecture, but also has the style characteristics of modern architecture.
For the local residents, design needs to remain the place memory
Every town has a long-standing regional culture. The local residents have lived here for many years. The town records their life experience and impressed stories. In the development of the town, these stories, which are branded in the deep hearts of the residents, are not only clues for planners to plan future space, but also the inner soul of the town's space for continuous development and perfection.
▼改造前 Before transformation
▼设计中 In design
▼改造后 After transformation
▼改造后的粮仓 The reformed granary
▼改造后的古镇鸟瞰 A bird's eye view of the reformed ancient town