上海昌里园景观设计 | 梓耘斋建筑
Located in the south of the Expo Park, Zhoujiadu Street Neighborhood is a high-density living block with many typical large residential communities. The semi-circular Nanmatou Road，where the project is located，passes through it.
▲项目鸟瞰，aerial view of the project ©梓耘斋建筑
In 2018, Shanghai began demolishing illegal buildings. As a result, all illegal commercial stores on the east side of Nanmatou Road were removed, leaving a 350-meter-long curved green space at the boundary of The Changwu Community. The boundary became a monotonous and lengthy fence in the city and enclosed a barren and obsoleted wasteland inside the community. Therefore, how to reshape the city boundary and stimulate street life has become an urgent issue for this project.
▲改造前基地原貌，original view of the site before renovation ©梓耘斋建筑
▲改造中的围墙鸟瞰，aerial view of the walls under construction ©梓耘斋建筑
Built in the 1990s, Changwu Community is a high-density residential area. The greenbelt between buildings within the community is mostly used to solve the parking problem, leaving no space for community public activities, and residents have almost no place to go for daily leisure. Therefore, the original intention of this project is to provide an opportunity for the restoration and improvement of the community’s public environment through the regeneration of the walls.
▲局部鸟瞰，凹凸的界面提供公共活动空间，partial aerial view, zigzag walls providing space for public activities ©梓耘斋建筑
The construction wisdom of Suzhou gardens acted as a reference for this project. The urban interface of the Canglang Pavilion facing the Fengxi Stream is dynamic and full of vitality due to the double corridor design. The winding corridors of Humble Administrator’s Garden makes itself a beautiful landscape… Therefore, as the boundary of the neighborhood, the wall of Changwu community also has the opportunity to become a linear garden that accommodates daily street life. The goal of this regeneration project is to transform a 6-to-8-meter-wide margin into the central garden of this community.
▲设计分析，design analysis ©梓耘斋建筑
In the regeneration design, the zigzag walkway is established at first. According to the location of the residential buildings along the street, the trees near the wall, and the functional nodes on the street, the path of the corridor was formed correspondingly. The design is not only an extension to the internal environment of the community but also an expansion of the sidewalks by providing pocket gardens. In this way, each space not only has functional value but also interweaves the environment inside and outside the fence, which eliminates the sense of isolation brought by the fence, making this wall & garden a central place where both residents in the inner community and tourists in the outer street can get a sense of participation.
▲改造前后空间轴侧对比，axonometric before and after renovation ©梓耘斋建筑
The dynamic form of the corridor accommodates various functions: some of them provide a rest space for residents to go home to buy vegetables, some provide a buffer zone for the entrance of the community, some provide a reading courtyard for children after school, and some become a street meeting place for elderly people to gather and chat.
▲沿街界面，interface along the street ©上：田方方，下：梓耘斋建筑
▲道路与小区之间的缓冲区域，buffer space between the residential community and the street ©田方方
▲休闲聚会空间，leisure gathering space ©田方方
In this project, the strategies often adopted in garden design, such as “interdependence [因], borrowing [借], suitability [体], and appropriateness [宜] as well as coloring by the categories[随类赋彩],” are used to deal with the uncertainties that must be faced in construction work within a community. Such strategies enables the design team to make dynamic adjustments according to residents’ feedbacks in the implementation process, and flexibly incorporate surrounding factors such as bus station waiting area into the design without losing the original ideal scene.
▲富有园林意趣的场景，strategies in traditional Chinese garden design adopted in the project ©上：田方方，中/下：梓耘斋建筑
The practice of Changli Garden showcases the strategies of garden design combine good vision and flexible operation. As a design technique, it not only integrates various factors into a landscape, but also stimulates community participation, which lays a solid foundation for the further development of social integration in the future.
▲南段平面图，plan of the south part ©梓耘斋建筑
▲南段立面图，elevation of the south part ©梓耘斋建筑
建筑事务所: 梓耘斋建筑（TM Studio）
主创建筑师: 童明 任广
设计团队: 郭鴻衢 杨柳新 谢超
Project name: Changli Garden
Design: TM Studio
Principal Architect: Tong Ming Ren Guang
Design team: Guo Hongqu, Yang Liuxin, Xie Chao
Location: Nanmatou Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai
Landscape area: 2100㎡
Client: People’s Government of Zhoujiadu Street, Pudong New Area, Shanghai
Collaborator：Shanghai Pudong New District Planning Construction Design Co.,Ltd.
Project Construction: Shanghai Pudong New Area Sanlin Urban-rural Construction and Development Co., LTD
Design Duration: From April to September, 2019
Construction Duration: October 2019 – May 2020
Building Area: 790㎡ of landscape structure
Structural form: steel frame structure