西安综合改造PPP项目口袋公园景观设计 | 中国建筑西北设计研究院
“Going north to vacate the imperial city”
Stretching its bones, Xi’an, the oldest city in China, has turned its eye toward north.
Located in north is an area called Xujiawan, where “villages” in the city and old worn buildings abound. Revitalization of the imperial city and migration of the municipal government to north has gradually brought people’s attention here. This is a special place serving as the transportation hub of high-speed train stations and airports and having direct access to the fourteenth National Games site; therefore, it becomes urgent to improve the area’s road space and streetscape.
“With great ambition, Xi’an will write an extraordinary stroke in its geographic landscape and economic and social development history, by hop skip and jump in urban expansion, stationing in Zhangjiabao area and pointing to the two banks of River Wei”
In response the “Streetscape” for the revival of old towns has emerged.
With Yuzao Road pocket park and Miaozhangyao community pocket park as trials, we attempt to explore small-scale urban public space transformation art and promote construction method of such modularized pocket park. This kind of small-scale public space is highly replicable and can penetrate to the entire block, linking spot by spot, and thus completing revival of green network in the entire Xujiawan area. The substitution of old and new will bring a novel living rhythm to the residents here who are used to a rapid pace of life and change traditional living style of blocks.
“More green land, slower city”
Yuzao Road pocket park is our first try.
The original site abutted residential communities but functioned only as a parking spot; nobody was willing to linger at there, leading to a distant and indifferent community atmosphere.
In regard of this, we studied the area’s service functions and dynamic route of surrounding users, re-organized the site to explore plasticity of urban texture, and broke up traditional single and linear layout. We reshaped the belt area’s boundary via curves and motivated the site using colorful jogging lanes.
“Create a comfortable pocket park that is sound-, wind- and human-friendly by using new technologies”
Miaozhangyao community pocket park, following closely to Yuzao Road pocket park, is called by us as pocket park 2.0. This time we were no longer satisfied with pure plant matching and site shaping; we introduced in more scientific analysis technology instead, that is, wind and sunshine positioning. Based on the fixed movement trail of the sun and wind field characteristic of the yearly dominant wind, we overlay sunshine-abundant area and shadow area in winter and summer to identify a site suitable for winter and summer activities, so as to create a pocket park which, by providing shadow in summer and activities in winter, substantially improves comfort level of people’s living and activity space and make the city more eye-pleasing. Previously such kind of technology was more used in activity space design of residential areas and was seldom used in municipal projects; now its advantages are exerted in pocket parks which have restricted area and abut high-rise buildings.
From return visits after completion of the park we found the residents here invented many new activity modes. The once-deserted site has seen much more intense activities and social communication becomes exuberant in a much better atmosphere. The community culture and a sense of belonging that were once blocked by inconvenient street space are being reestablished.
“Let’s go to the future community and future park!”
Xujiawan area is developing and reforming, where we hope to see future pocket park 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0, etc., and attempt to use various approaches to create pocket parks that vary with users and self-adapt to specific sites. We will, for example, assess and investigate the user mode and activity requirements of residents around the pocket park, ascertain the residents’ attitude and behavior toward outdoor entertainment facilities, parks, roads, and open space. Based on the crowd’s true demand, we will dig the perhaps never-noted missing living demand, abandon function sites in traditional communities, create communication, interaction and vitality center that can match modern communities and build brand new future community space pattern.