韩国首尔新光华门•国际设计竞赛项目景观设计 | 中国建筑西北设计研究院
Gwanghwamun District has undergone harsh rises and declines in its historical changes. Its original axis space has been weakened gradually as the change of royalism it carried till it has been fully replaced by the city traffic function. In order to break the restraint and shift Gwanghwamun as an ideal place for the new generation in South Korea, the design will position its planning vision to district building with the style and features a hundred-year later based on six hundred-year time changes of Gwanghwamun since its foundation, trying to present the style and features reincarnation of changes in South Korea. In the meantime, the cultural, historical and geographical contexts that are pure in relationship and clear in pattern are applied to respond to the Six Ministries Street (the Sejong Street's old name in Joseon Dynasty) that is clear in original axis, wide and seductive in space.
君子万年 介尔景福 Long live the gentleman, a blessing to you forever
The current situation is that the use of original axis space of the Gwanghwamun Square has been replaced as the city traffic function and the space has been separated by the surrounding high-rise buildings and traffic network at the same time, its historical values and solemn atmosphere cannot be highlighted.
溯洄百年 荫袭文脉 Date back a hundred years, inherit culture context
By deliberating different design plans, the final thought focuses on restoring all buildings to their original pure historic morphology a hundred-year ago and implanting green slopes for forming a forest of cultural context.
With the understanding of the project, the plan is constantly evaluated and optimized. The early concepts are continuously revised and deepened in each stage.
城市设计 City Design
历史为魂 格局为首 Take history as the soul and pattern as the principal
Within the scope of city design, construct the historical buildings with their original styles, restore the historical waters and release the walking space to implement function replacement; dismantle the current building after its age limit expiration and only reserve the landform of the building's platform-shaped foundation with greenbelt on it. Gradually transform the style and features of the site by implementing ring layers control to ensure the unification of the style and features at anywhere that can be seen in the site.
百年变迁 涅槃重生 Nirvana rebirth to hundred-year changes
The remodeling of the axis pattern and the pure space become a response to the tradition. Under the original scale of Six Ministries Street, the Gwanghwamun is grand in scale and appears more solemn sense. Based on style and features recurrence, restore the platform, the sculpture of Haechi (a lucky animal in ancient Chinese mythology), the historical waters, etc. to shape the ceremonial atmosphere of the site, as well as strengthen its sense of historical role in the city.
景观设计 Landscape design
山水肌底 历史文脉 一场城市百年的记忆追溯和重现
The foundation of mountain and water, the historical cultural context is waiting for a dating back and recurrence of the city's centennial memory
Restore the historical pattern, implant the natural geographical context, organize and create the structure with multiple space layers. We use this blueprint to convey the traditional cultural spirit and ecological heritage to modern users.
The underground space will be shaped as the opening space with maximum sense of participation, forming the double half-opened axis sequence to create different experience streamlines at two layers; in the Sejong Thousand-step Corridor at the upper layer where will access to the front area of the Gwanghwamun, historical style and features can be experienced; depending on the surrounding terrain, the passage covered with green plants at the lower layer well provide rich recreational functions and connect to the surrounding areas such as subway constructions.
多元功能 植入K值 Diversified functions implanted with K value
1K≈10 square meters.Taking K as a unit, various activities are assigned to the site and the activity forms of public space are sorted out, that is to say, convert the floor areas of different functional spaces according to the basic unit K value, forming a diverse and rich city square by reasonable layout and embedding.
A three-hundred-year dream has passed through a period time of heaven and earth
A gust of breeze crosses through the noisy of the city, blowing the beard of King Sejong the Great and rippling the water surface; the comfortable rest space amid green space reappears the historical natural landscape greatly.
Return to nature and feel the history. It is a city's revolution keeping the hustle and bustle of the city and life away and reproducing the essence of the historical spirit of the earth. Inject new life and vitality into the Gwanghwamun, organically renew the historical culture and changes of the city and listen to historical voices from ancient to modern times.