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关于深圳沿海保护区“抵御台风”的最新提案| GVL Gossamer高势

Gossamer高势 2020-08-17
原创
  • 项目名称:
    山海岛公园
  • 项目地点:
    深圳,中国
  • 项目规模:
    18km2
  • 设计公司:
  • 委托方:
    深圳市城市规划和自然资源局,深圳市大鹏新区委员会
  • 摄影师:
    GVL G

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新型弹性总体规划

A New Resilient Masterplan

Mandaworks, GVL Gossamer & Arcadis作为深圳城市规划和自然资源局组织的国际竞赛的入围单位,为深圳仅剩的自然海岸线提出了一个新型弹性总体规划。位于中国最大城市之一深圳的西涌海岸保护区 —— 山海岛公园,为久居都市的人们提供了天然海滨度假体验,保护了当地的生态系统和社区遗产,同时也为日益壮大的中国中产阶级提供了新型生态旅游产业。不但保护了该地区丰富的物种多样性,也对历史悠久的渔村修复做出了重大贡献。

Mandaworks, Gossamer & Arcadis were commissioned as part of international competition, organized by the Shenzhen Bureau of Urban Planning & Natural Resources, to create a new resilient masterplan for one of Shenzhen's last remaining natural coastlines. At the doorstep to one of China's largest cities, the new Xichong Coastal Reserve enhances the natural seaside getaway experience, protects local ecosystems and communities, whilst supporting a new ecological tourism industry for a burgeoning Chinese middle class. The Coastal Reserve protects the region's rich biodiversity and restores historic fishing villages.


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Xichong Coastal Reserve Masterplan
山海岛公园总平面图


2018年底,台风“山竹”肆虐中国南方,造成数十亿美元的损失。从那时起,一系列重建项目开始有序进行。尽管处于台风区,受欢迎的多个海滩目的地已经批准在其海滨地区进行新的高密度大型开发建设。山海岛公园则明显不同于其它海滩。总体规划优先考虑抵御台风、生态恢复和保护在地村庄。通过这种方式,设计反映了中国国内对敏感发展、环境保护、文化保护和真正的自然体验态度的更广泛的转变。

In late 2018, Typhoon Manghut devastated southern China, causing billions of dollars in damage. Since then, a swathe of reconstruction projects has been underway. Despite being in a typhoon zone, popular beach destinations have approved new high-density mega-developments along their beachfront. The Xichong Coastal Reserve is markedly different. The masterplan prioritizes typhoon resistance, ecological restoration, and preservation of local villages. In this way, the design reflects the broader shift within China towards sensitive development, environmental protection, cultural preservation, and genuine nature experiences.


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Architecture integrated with the landscape - Dune Facilities and Cafes
建筑于景观 — 沙丘设施和咖啡馆


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Strong landscape elements, such as lakes wetlands and mountains complement the experience of village life

强烈的景观元素,如湖泊、湿地和山脉,丰富了乡村生活的体验


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Multi-Modal Transport Solutions - Gondola, Shuttle Bus and Bike Hire Stations

连山接海,多式联运解决方案-贡多拉,短途巴士和自行车租赁中心,饱览西涌自然之章


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Arrival/Departure Network & Transfer Hub
活力交通,抵达/离开换乘交通网络与交通换乘枢纽中心



景观驱动都市化进程 

Landscape Driven Urbanism 

山海岛公园以一种融合交通、城市设计、建筑、工程和旅游战略的先进景观方式引领潮流,以环境驱动的解决方案为重点,应对各种挑战。强有力的景观主导框架允许一个合理的发展战略,以增强该地区的生物多样性、环境和应对极端天气的弹性能力。

Xichong Coastal Reserve leads with a progressive landscape approach integrating transport, urban design, architecture, engineering, and tourism strategies to prioritize environmentally-driven solutions to a wide range of challenges. The robust landscape-led framework allows for a rational development strategy that enhances the area’s biodiversity, environment, and extreme weather resiliency. 


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Regenerated wetland and mangrove areas doubling as new tourism infrastructure

鱼塘嬉戏,湿地和红树林的再生面积成倍增加,成为新的旅游基础设施,将森林搬到水池里


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The new beachfront implements sensitively designed boardwalks and restoring endangered dune grasses
滨海慢行,新的海滨增加了精心设计的木栈道,恢复了濒危的沙丘草

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The naturalized beach experience, weather resilient naturalized beach dunes & boardwalk

沙海拾贝,前往离海最近的地方  — 适应天气变化的海滩 & 沙丘浮桥


该项目通过修复被侵蚀的河流走廊、湿地和沿海红树林栖息地来恢复自然水流。这为游客提供了一套从木栈道、皮划艇游线、观鸟区和水上集市的体验,而新的防洪住宅也回应了自然河流系统。对现有农田的升级,允许有机农业,集市和茶馆被周围的山脉所保护,为新的瞭望台,自行车道,徒步旅行的庇护所和悬崖小径创造了机会。

The project restores natural water flows by repairing eroded river corridors, wetlands, and coastal mangrove habitats. This then provided a suite of tourist experiences from boardwalks, kayaking routes, bird hides, and floating markets, while new flood-proof residences respond to the natural river system. Upgrades to existing farmland, allowing for organic agriculture, markets and teahouses are protected by surrounding mountains that create opportunities for new lookouts, bicycle trails, hiking shelters and cliff walks.


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The Xichong bay experience: Rockpool & Pool club 
流动海洋,那日闪闪发光的蓝 - 海畔泳池 & 游泳俱乐部

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Treetop walks through the tropical rainforests of Shenzhen 
绿岛穿梭  — 深圳热带雨林空中步道体验


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The hinterland experience
山地之行,离天空一步之遥

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The beach and beyond
沙滩之上,山海之间



景观保护自然 

Defending with Landscape 

该项目的海岸防御策略通过恢复先前被台风和过度开发破坏的沙丘系统来减缓洪水和台风所带来的影响。咖啡馆、餐厅和更衣室都将出现在重建的沙丘景观中,与受庇护的海滩步道、露营区和自然游乐场相连。混合现代工程和自然海岸景观的新的堤坝,呈现出了独特的景观类型,并与之互动,同时保护免受洪水和公海的影响。

The project’s coastal defense strategy introduces flood and typhoon mitigation through reinstating dune systems previously destroyed by typhoons and over-development. Cafes, restaurants, and changing rooms are built within the re-constructed dune-scapes, connecting with sheltered beach walks, camping areas, and natural playgrounds. A new dike, hybridizing modern engineering and natural coastal landscapes, present unique landscape typologies to interact with whilst protecting against flood and high seas.


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The new beachfront during calm weather

景观海防,自然知晓如何抵御自然 — 风平浪静时的新海滨


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The new beachfront during a typhoon

景观海防,自然知晓如何抵御自然 — 台风暴雨时的新海滨


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Typhoon Proofing - Two new dike systems, the ring dike, and dune dike, combine with revegetation provide a hybridized natural response to extreme weather

抵御台风 — 两个新的堤坝系统,环堤与沙丘堤,与绿化相结合提供了一种应对极端天气的混合型自然响应


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Typhoon Proofing - Four major strategies: Dune dike, Ring Dike, Mangroves, and Wetlands. 

抵御台风 — 四大策略: 沙丘堤、环堤、红树林和湿地



建筑融于景观

Building with Landscape

大部分的都市化扩张集中在四个现有的村庄周围,与在地环境相融合。

The majority of urban expansion is focused around four existing villages that are then aligned to the surrounding landscape conditions. 


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The four revitalized villages of Xichong

四个西涌复兴村落


西贡村;位于一个宁静的山谷中,村落屋宇沿着一条经过城镇中心的被修复复的溪流进行扩展。沙岗村;位于蜿蜒梯田上的田园景观所生产的农产品,将在小镇的集市进行出售。鹤薮村; 场地最大的一个村庄,完成更新后的中央街道将被设计成一条新的缆车网络和游览步道,将人们从山上一路带到海滩。最后,新屋村;位于场地的东部,将围绕着一个可以俯瞰海岸线的新型康养中心进行拓展开发。

Xigong Town; located in a quiet and serene valley is expanded along a restored stream running through the center of town. Shagang Town; grows around new terraced orchards where local produce is grown and sold at the town markets. Hesou Town; the largest of the villages, is upgraded and a central civic street is designed to bring people from the mountains all the way to the beach via a new cable car network and trails. Finally, Xinwu Town; located to the east, is developed around a new health and wellness retreat that overlooks the coastline. 


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Main civic street with weekend markets 

村落的主要公共街道与周末集市空间


虽然大多数新开发与居民的聚集将集中在较大的村庄,一系列为游客和居民提供的精品住宿,将分散在景观中。小的建筑干预也将响应森林、山脉、农田与河流,让人们更接近一个新的、复兴的西涌。

While most of the new development and residents will be focused in the larger villages, scattered through the landscape, are a series of boutique accommodations for visitors and residents. The small architectural interventions respond to the forests, mountains, farmlands, and rivers bringing people closer to a new, rejuvenated Xichong. 


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Boutique hotels in the forest

隐居山林,本色融于自然 - 现代东方风格的精品森林度假酒店,俯瞰鱼塘湿地


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The agrotourism experience: the litchi farm, and events pavillion
幸福田园,衬着太阳的香气入味 — 荔枝农场生态农业观光 & 活动举办中心 



项目名称 Project Name山海岛公园 Xichong Coastal Reserve

场地地点 Location: 深圳,中国 Shenzhen, China

场地面积 Site area: 18k㎡

完成年份 Year: 2019

项目客户 Client: 深圳市城市规划和自然资源局,深圳市大鹏新区委员会 Shenzhen Bureau of Urban Planning & Natural Resources, Shenzhen Dapeng New District Committee

项目类型 Project Type: 城市设计/景观设计/弹性设计 Urban Design / Landscape Architecture / Resiliency Design






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高势是拥有多学科、多专业实践经验的国际设计咨询公司,总部位于上海,专注于打造适宜人、场所、环境的设计。作为怡境集团的一部分,高势将国际一流的设计理念与本土专业落地配合的能力优势相结合,致力于为我们的客户与合作伙伴提供最优质的服务。



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