墨西哥El Terreno社区花园&教育中心景观设计 | VERTEBRAL
图片来源：Ricardo de la Concha
El Terreno is a community garden and educational centre that initiated during the Covid19 outbreack. The project is located in a hill rich with soil, minerals and stones allowing for an urban orchard to grow flowers, aromatic plants and vegetables. The origin of the project began when understanding that young kids had the need of maintaining social stimulation and simultaneously receive environmental education bringing them closer to the cycles of food production and sustainable living.
A community garden and educational located in a hill © Ricardo de la concha
Rich soil is good for growing flowers, aromatic plants and vegetables © Ricardo de la concha
To be congruent with the project VERTEBRAL built a pavilion uniquely from recycled materials used in their previous constructions. For the firm it was important to achieve a 100% recyclable building but also a space built with materials, modules and units uniquely thought out through new processes for this particular project. “We focused on avoiding any predisposition in the users when entering this new space intended for plurality and versatility. A space that can only gain significance with the users’ engagement to cultivating and share new ideas that point towards a healing environment.” That’s how the Mexico City–based architects describe El Terreno.
A unique pavilion built with recycled materials © Ricardo de la concha
A space built with materials, modules and units uniquely © Ricardo de la concha
The multipurpose pavilion is inserted into the hill allowing for a gradual aperture towards the garden. Sections of iron rods were bent and welded into containing walls filled with stone found when excavating at the site. The roof is composed by wooden trusses that come from old concrete formwork. Through only four different modules all the trusses were assembles by volunteers from the local community. For VERTEBRAL it was important to generate a pavilion where anything could happen, “Spaces that are strictly defined rapidly become obsolete. By contrast, anonymous and ambiguous spaces are resilient and multi-faceted, allowing their significance and purpose to shift among users.” That’s how the Mexico City–based firm visualize the future of architecture.
The pavilion is inserted into the hill © Ricardo de la concha
A multipurpose place © Ricardo de la concha
The roof is composed by wooden trusses that come from old concrete formwork © Ricardo de la concha
The walls filled with stone found when excavating at the site © Ricardo de la concha
The iron rods were bent and welded as the frame of the wall © Ricardo de la concha
项目的发起人米歇尔•卡拉奇(Michelle Kalach) 密切参与这类远离尘嚣且自给自足的社区营建项目。教育活动中培育出的蔬菜和植物，被出售给当地的咖啡吧和商店，成为社区花园稳定的经济来源。场地拥有一套完整的雨水管理系统：雨水被覆盖着植被的廊架屋顶收集后，流经作为结构柱的排水管，汇集至镜面水池，最终泵入花园作为灌溉用水。此外，场地的能源来自太阳能板，堆肥厕所为花园提供天然的肥料。
The founder of the project, Michelle Kalach is deeply involved with self-sufficient communities that are off the grid. El Terreno manages to become a garden that is economically stable by selling endemic plants and vegetables that are cultivated through educational programs and then sold to local cafes and stores. Water is captured through a system that starts on the green roof of the pavilion, goes through pipes that are also the structural columns, and finally arrives to a water mirror that pumps the resource back to the orchard. The energy used is collected through solar panels and the waste from composting toilets become natural fertilizers for the garden.
The community garden off the grid © Ricardo de la concha
The endemic plants and vegetables will be sold to local cafes and stores © Ricardo de la concha
Water is captured through the green roof of the pavilion, goes through pipes that are also the structural columns © Ricardo de la concha
A path in the garden © Ricardo de la concha
Waste from composting toilets become natural fertilizers for the garden © Ricardo de la concha
El Terreno is a space that was built as a model of how education, sustainability and design can harvest a bright future that is always responding to its immediate needs.
A model that combines education, sustainability and design © Ricardo de la concha
The floor plan of pavilion © VERTEBRAL
The elevation and section of pavilion © VERTEBRAL
摄影：Ricardo de la Concha
Design and Construction: VERTEBRAL
Start: FEB 2020
Finish: April 2020
Photo: Ricardo de la Concha
Sustainability: Michelle Kalach
Art Director: Fortuna Kalach
Structural engineer: Ricardo Gavira