海南通德公祠景观设计 | 篆山营造
Longji Village is one of the volcanic stone villages in the north of Hainan. Located along the hill, Tongde Hall and Jiangxing Ancestral Hall were built in the Ming and Qing Dynasty in the form of Shiheyuan, featuring the lifting beam structure of timber and volcanic stone. The plaque on the front gate of Tongde Hall was inscribed by Zhang Yuesong, the advanced scholar called ”Jinshi” in the Qing Dynasty. Only a little more than a ruin, the two separate ancestral halls have nearly no roof above and only some broken walls left. They have obviously lost the high-status dignity submerged in the crowded concrete houses.
Details of the original anciet village ©Ye Man
Some broken wall of ancestral halls ©Ye Man
The banyan trees ©Ye Man
We have tried to repair it as old as before, and spent a lot of time and energy on high-accuracy mapping, crafts verifying and 3D restoration modeling, but the results are not as expected. From the 3D restoration model, we can see the inner space was coarse and gloomy due to the limited technique of processing big thick lava stones and making openings on the envelope of the masonry structure, despite the hard efforts of the ancestors on constructing with local materials when they just arrived on the island. If it is repaired as old as before , will it adapt to the new village that has developed rapidly in urbanization? Can the limited time and budget meet up the demands? Why not retaining the beauty of vicissitudes rather than hasty and rough repairing that may produce artificial irreversible damages to it? The strategy of building a protection for the ruins may be more appropriate for this project.
Project redering—protection for the ruins ©Zhanshanyingzao
We are committed to the regain of the former glory of the ancient ancestral halls, the “Emeer” of the village. To crown them again as the prominent landmark in the village, an innovative cable-suspended steel-timber frame system with tall wood columns and a 965㎡glass roof are structured to connect the two relics as one.
The cable-suspended steel-timber frame system © Ye Man
The 965㎡glass roof ©Ye Man
78 wood columns form a matrix integrated with a flexible but stable steel cable structure to protect the ancestral halls, and it holds up a giant umbrella to save the relics from the rain. The design worked out a way of rebirth for low level historic relics in limited time and with limited cost.
78 wood columns for a cable structure ©Chen Ming
The towering banyan trees inside the courtyard are carefully reserved climbing outside the roof, and their dreamlike reflections on the wall dance tranquilly in the sunshine.
The towering banyan tree ©Chen Ming
The strong contrast between the old volcanic stone walls and the newly-built steel and wood tensile space structure represents the civilization collision of Hainan, which is developing from a traditional island to the international free trade port.
The village in the nignt ©Chen Ming
Axonometric drawings ©Zhuanshanyingzao
Project: Tongde Hall of ancestral halls
Location: Longji Village, Hainan, China
Photographer: Ye Man, Chen Ming
Design studio: Zhuanshanyingzao