深圳龙岗-甘李路文化街道营造景观设计 | 深圳市城市交通规划设计研究中心
Forty years have gone by, and the changes have made shenzhen, a young city, pulse faster and look brand-new. The traces of past memory and time are more like fine sand washed away all floating floc shining more and more. The ancient city in Shenzhen is the starting point of the development of this new city, representing the lifestyle of a regional ethnic group. How to rely on the resource endowment, preserve the urban context and carry forward the local history and culture in the renewal of the ancient city has become an issue that we should focus on and pay attention to.
In Longgang, Shenzhen, Gankeng Village (Gankeng Laowei), originated in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, is a Hakka village with a long history. It is honored as one of the top ten Hakka ancient villages in Shenzhen together with Mission Hills Printmaking Village, Hehu Xinju, Ma Hom Village and Dawanshiju.With generations of migration, Gankeng Hakka has formed "cool hat", "row house", "Qingming fruit tea" and other unique culture, which is similar to the traditional Hakka but different. With its unique spatial pattern, unique Hakka architecture and cultural resources, the town attracts a large number of tourists with its high-quality cultural heritage.
Ganli Road, as the city's main access to the south gate of Gankeng Hakka town, bears 60% of the public travel flow after the opening of track Line 10.The need to pass through, the disjointed interface and the sense of cultural fragmentation make the place contradictory. Its linear streets are like a dazzling beam of light, diffracting through the cracks, fixing the fireworks and laughter of the town life and visitors in the streets.Shenzhen urban transport planning center CO.,LTD.together with OCT Cultural Property Investment Co.,Ltd was appointed to provide the improvement plan for Ganli Road, aiming to make it a people's street, a living street,and innovate the construction mode of street space and make the street become an important spatial carrier of the city's history and culture.
Narrative “story line”
The ecological resources of Gankeng attract thousands of egrets,which is the second-class national protected animals, to stop here and spread their wings and dance, or wading in groups. The story takes the return of egrets as a clue, from the Hakka people who moved southward one thousand years ago, egrets have companyed with generations of Gankeng people to reproduce and live, farming family.We take "egret" as the symbol and history as the clue, with the hakka culture symbols engraved among them, and image elements of small town culture mixed with them.
We‘ll go on a journey carrying forward Chinese traditional culture with natural ecology, farming culture and hakka history, to create "egret in the wind, with water and moon" aesthetic artistic conception, in series to guide visitors entry story line.
Street square space
To the south gate of the square as the boundary, the inner lane twists and turns deep, black brick tiles, into it, as if stepping into a light color ink painting. The outer street is rich in modern and simple space, and its strong cultural atmosphere inspires people to explore. Inside and outside the city, a story expresses two situations. As the entrance to the town, the South Gate Square recreates and deconstructs the original street space to form a modern cultural interaction space. At the same time, it collides with the gate of the ancient town in time and space, forming a contrast with the immersive ancient city behind the wall.
Inside and outside the south gate of town
The elements of the roof of hakka buildings give the space full imagination. Children running in the square are like speeding through the cascading roofs. With a whistle, they call back a group of egrets returning to their nests. Roof ridge, eaves corner, blue brick, tile, through reconstruction into the artistic terrain and square seating design, every little detail is the epitome of Hakka culture.
Art Terrain extracts ridge elements
The water feature is the core element of the plaza. Art waterscape is a static scene, like a woman sitting on the windowsill watching rain hit eaves; The central fountain water feature is a moving scene, seems like people talking and startling the egret.
Egrets standing in the water
Interactive cultural exploration
The moorless wall is based on Moorish lines and the principle of motion illusion. Through the relative movement of human eyes and holes, it shows the meaningful picture of farmers' farming, landscape and family in their childhood.
Schematic diagram of moore grain
People in the time floating shadow landscape wall to open a traditional settlement in the cultural and historical context of the visit path.
The bird shaped corridor provides an open and diversified resting place and makes the whole space more dynamic. The negative slope is newly planted with green vegetation, which is used as the background of bird Gallery to create a verdant landscape with egrets returning to Gan Keng and four mountains surrounding the flowing water.
The corridor of bird modelling wears
Ganli Road created a tour sequence from Gankeng subway station to Gankeng Hakka town. It inherited hakka historical context. In addition to providing convenience to people, residents, tourists and the government need to jointly maintain it. At the same time, exhibitions, festivals and school study activities can be held to enhance cultural identity.
Detachable tree grate and marking details
Atmospheric bus station\Stainless steel stop stone
Ancient streets glow with a new look, history collides with the modern and the past connects the future. We use egrets to show the landscape and nature, and hakka elements to depict the context of the site. From then on, Hakka culture has a corresponding site outside the walls of the ancient town, where the flow of people from the east, west, north and south interweave and converge, thus creating a colorful scene and natural human space. We hope to attract more and more people through the dialogue between the new streets and the new town, so as to truly realize the inheritance and development of Hakka history and culture.