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阿布扎比树荫公园景观设计 | SLA

SLAArchitects 2021-12-23
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  • 项目名称:
    阿布扎比树荫公园
  • 项目地点:
    阿联酋阿布扎比
  • 项目规模:
    27,500m²
  • 设计公司:
    SLA 
  • 委托方:
    阿联酋市政和交通部
  • 建成时间:
    2021年3月
  • 图片来源:
    Philip Handforth

阿布扎比树荫公园因其创新的多样性特征,微气候和社会活动,成为了中东密集大城市设计和实施自然的转型示范。


公园鸟瞰

Bird view of AI Fay park  © SLA/Philip Handforth 

Al Fay Park 001_SLA.jpg


一座新兴的城市自然公园在阿布扎比已落成,取代了该区域过去耗水又无灵魂的“拉斯维加斯景观”。这座新的公共公园位于阿布扎比市中心,占地27500平方米,标志着中东城市发展的一种新趋势:以容纳自然而非标志性建筑为主导。

A new kind of urban nature park has seen the light of day in Abu Dhabi. Gone are the water-consuming and soulless ‘Las Vegas landscapes’ of the past. Enter Al Fay Park – a new 27,500 m2 public park in downtown Abu Dhabi that signals a new kind of Middle Eastern city development: Driven by inclusive nature rather than iconic buildings.


▼阿布扎比市中心的新公共公园

The new public park in downtown Abu Dhabi  © SLA/Philip Handforth

Al Fay Park 002_SLA.jpg


受阿布扎比市政和交通部的委托,专注自然设计的丹麦SLA事务所设计了阿布扎比树荫公园,这个项目成为行业风格的改变者,展示了在中东拥挤的超大城市中如何设计和建造城市自然景观。这座公园是阿联酋第一个借助生物多样性来改善微气候和社会公共区域的城市公园。

Al Fay Park is designed by Danish nature-based design studio SLA for the client Abu Dhabi Department of Municipalities and Transport and is a game-changer in how to design and implement city nature in the dense megacities of the Middle East. The park is the first urban park in UAE that uses biodiversity to enhance the local microclimate as well as the social public realm. 


▼中东超大城市中的公园

Park in dense megacities of the Middle East  © SLA/Philip Handforth

Al Fay Park 003_SLA.jpg


SLA事务所的生物专家和植物专家花费了一年时间,来研究该区域独特的自然和野生动物,再由此规划了公园的设计。发表在SLA内部植物手册中的一项研究涵盖了阿联酋所有的本地植物种类,包括它们的最佳生长和生存条件,以及如何将其融入设计中。

The park design is devised through SLA’s inhouse biologists and planting experts’ yearlong research studies of the region’s unique nature and wildlife. A research published in SLA’s own internal plant book covering all the native plant species of the UAE, their optimal growing and living conditions, and how to integrate them into design.


▼阿联酋本土植物手册

Al Fay Park UAE Native Plant Book  © SLA/Philip Handforth

Al Fay Park UAE Native Plant Book_SLA.jpg

公园中丰富的植物种类

Park in dense megacities of the Middle East  © SLA/Philip Handforth


“阿布扎比树荫公园是该市森林公园的新类型。我们通过对区域内的动植物进行广泛研究后,为如何在中东思考和设计公共区域创造了新的范式。这座公园是对阿布扎比当地自然和文化的赞颂,也是如何最大限度地发挥气候作用、提高生活质量和从根本上改善整个城市的生物多样性的典范——所有这些都发生在一个曾经是沙漠的地方。” SLA首席设计师兼合伙人Rasmus Astrup介绍到。

“Al Fay Park is a new type of forest park in Abu Dhabi. Through our extensive research in the region’s flora and fauna, we create a new paradigm for how to think and design public realm in the Middle East. Al Fay Park is a celebration of Abu Dhabi’s native nature and culture and a prime example of how to maximize climate action, increase life-quality, and radically improve the biodiversity of an entire city – all on a former sand site,” says Rasmus Astrup, Design Principal and Partner in SLA.


▼公园微气候设计

Al Fay Park Microclimate Diagrams  © SLA/Philip Handforth 

Al Fay Park Microclimate Diagrams_SLA.jpg



市中心最凉爽的区域

The coolest place in town 


作为阿联酋第一个生物多样性公园,阿布扎比树荫公园内种植有超过2000种本地乔木和灌木——包括从沙漠苗圃中移栽的牧豆树——所有树种的选择都是为了增强植物和野生动物的多样性,并且通过公园来最大化自然的降温功能。由此产生的微气候减少了交通噪音,降低了气温,并创造了独特的森林般的环境。别具匠心的斜坡入口隧道,让草地和灌木丛过滤沙土的同时,也将凉爽的南风引进了公园内部。

As the first biodiversity park in the UAE, Al Fay Park contains more than 2,000 native trees and bushes – including the national Ghaf trees that have been replanted from desert nurseries into the park – all specifically chosen to strengthen biodiversity for both plants and wildlife and to maximize natural cooling throughout the park. The resulting microclimate reduces traffic noise and temperature and creates a distinct forest-like environment. The specifically designed sloping entrances funnels the cooler southern breeze down into the park while local grasses and bushes reduce sand infiltration.


▼设计概念图

Concept design  © SLA/Philip Handforth


▼公园平面图

Al Fay Park Site Plan  © SLA/Philip Handforth 

Al Fay Park Site Plan_SLA.jpg

▼别具匠心的斜坡入口

The specifically designed sloping entrances  © SLA/Philip Handforth 

Al Fay Park 014_SLA.jpg

▼从沙漠苗圃中移栽的树木

Trees that have been replanted from desert nurseries  © SLA/Philip Handforth

Al Fay Park 016_SLA Planting nurseries replanting ghaf tree.jpg

▼树木移栽过程图

Al Fay Park Tree Moving Diagrams  © SLA/Philip Handforth

Al Fay Park Tree Moving Diagrams_SLA.jpg


阿布扎比树荫公园为阿布扎比市生物、环境和社会效益而专门设计。树木密度、土壤设计、仅用循环水灌溉,以及仅使用本地树种,这些措施使该公园与传统公园相比从根本上减少了40%的灌溉水量。植物群落在阿布扎比中部提供了茂盛且生机勃勃的环境,吸引了蜜蜂、传粉者、鸟类和动物——在这里可以百分之百保证你听到鸟儿的歌唱!而且微气候的设计为玩耍、运动和休闲活动提供了社会生态系统的最佳可能——使阿布扎比树荫公园成为社会和气候双重意义上的“市中心最酷(凉爽)的地方”,SLA首席设计师兼合伙人Rasmus Astrup说到。

“Al Fay Park is specifically designed to provide both biological, environmental and social benefits to Abu Dhabi. The density of the trees, the soil design, the irrigation using solely recirculated water, and the sole use of native species not only ensure that the park has radically reduced its irrigation with 40 percent compared to conventional parks. The planting also attracts bees, pollinators, birds and animals, providing a lush and lively atmosphere in the middle of Abu Dhabi – this is a with 100 percent birdsong guaranty! Lastly, the microclimate design provides the best possible social ecosystem for play, sports and leisure – making Al Fay Park both socially and climatically ‘the coolest place in town’,” says Rasmus Astrup, Design Principal and Partner in SLA.


▼户外休闲座位区

A host of informal outdoor seating areas  © SLA/Philip Handforth 

Al Fay Park 006_SLA.jpg

▼公园边缘,一条蜿蜒曲折的森林步道

Along the edge of the park a winding Forest Track  © SLA/Philip Handforth

Al Fay Park 015_SLA.jpg


得益于改善后的气候,阿布扎比树荫公园内汇聚了多种社会活动,例如各类运动设施、游乐场、街头健身、攀岩墙、迷你高尔夫、卡车餐点以及许多户外休闲座位区。沿着公园边缘,一条蜿蜒曲折的森林步道邀请人们在花草丛中以及树冠下探索丰富而野趣的自然体验。因此,建造出一个拥有真实生态系统和野生动物自然栖息地,同时它也邀请所有人在这安宁、舒适和宁静的环境中探索自然,彼此互动,一起放松。

Benefitting from the optimized microclimate, Al Fay Park is buzzling with social activities such as multiple sports facilities, playgrounds, street fitness, climbing walls, minigolf, food trucks and a host of informal outdoor seating areas. Along the edge of the park a winding Forest Track invites visitors to explore sensuous and wild nature experiences amongst the flowers and grasses and under the canopies. The result is a park with authentic ecosystems and natural habitats for wildlife that also is an open invitation for all to explore nature, interact with each other and relax together in a peaceful, comfortable and serene setting.


▼公园内的多种活动

Social activities in the park  © SLA/Philip Handforth 


“阿布扎比树荫公园的世界级设计,创造了一个鼓励社区居民增进社交互动、并与周围自然相连接的空间。我们希望见证这座充满活力的公园的成长过程,并见证阿布扎比未来的一代代人由此受益。”市政和交通部城市发展代理主任 Latifa Al Hallami 说。

总而言之,阿布扎比树荫公园是中东第一个展示如何增强城市生物多样性的地方,同时为所有居民和游客创造了一个凉爽、舒适又独特的全天候公共空间,供人们会面、玩耍和生活。

“The world-class design of Al Fay Park has created an environment that encourages community members to socially engage with one another while also connecting with the nature that surrounds them. We’re looking forward to witness the growth of this dynamic park that will benefit Abu Dhabi for future generations to come,” says Latifa Al Hallami, Acting Director of Urban Growth, at Department of Municipalities and Transport.
All in all, Al Fay Park is the Middle East’s first showcase of how to strengthen urban biodiversity while creating a cool, comfortable and unique round-the-clock public realm for all residents and visitors to meet, play and live.


▼全天候公共空间

An unique round-the-clock public realm  © SLA/Philip Handforth



  

项目名称:阿布扎比树荫公园项目地址:阿联酋阿布扎比

委托方:阿联酋市政和交通部

项目规模:27,500m²

建成时间:2021年3月

参与设计:Parsons(建筑)、iGuzzini(照明)、Barari(承包商)

景观设计:SLA图片版权: SLA/Philip Handforth

Project name:AI Fay park
Location: Abu Dhabi, UAE
Landscape Architect: SLA
Client: Abu Dhabi Department of Municipalities and Transport
Size: 27,500 sqm
Completion: March 2021
Collaborators: Parsons (architect of record), iGuzzini (lighting), Barari (contractor)

Images:All images should be credited ©SLA/Philip Handforth

For further information regarding the project, contact SLA Head of Communications Kristoffer Holm Pedersen: +45 6080 9394, khp@sla.dk


翻译:张梦斐

校对:唐瑜


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