深圳后海小学未来花园景观设计 | GND杰地景观
In 2021, with the overall planning of relevant departments in Nanshan District and the participation of a series of social organizations, the action plan "Flowering Nanshan" Nanshan District Community is officially released, and the whole society is now recruiting designers with ideals for the community to build gardens together.
HABITAT CREATION, GARDEN AS MEDIUM
This plan uses gardens as a medium to connect people and nature, and invites designers to pay attention to the improvement of the urban environment of small and micro spaces and the value of restoring the broken urban ecosystem. By creating different habitats, acupuncture and moxibustion methods are utilized to change the natural base of the city step by step, so that urban residents can live in a more fragrant environment and learn to get along with the environment around them.
共建 x 设计 | GND杰地与后海小学共建美好花园
CO-CONSTRUCTION X DESIGN | GND AND HOUHAI PRIMARY SCHOOL JOINTLY BUILD A BEAUTIFUL GARDEN
In the 8th phase of the Little Beauty Contest sponsored by the Shenzhen Center for Design | "Co-construction × Design" - "Flowers in Nanshan" Nanshan District Community Garden Co-construction Project, GND Landscape was selected from 21 participating partners standing out as one of 10 shortlisted companies. After being shortlisted, the organizer held a meeting with 10 selected design companies and the "garden owners" of the ten intended plots. The designers and the "garden owners" made a two-way selection and completed the pairing. In the end, GND landscape successfully matched with a garden owner. The Houhai Primary School affiliated to the Teachers College of Shenzhen University will jointly build the site "Hundred Orchards" with GND.
PROJECT CONCEPTS：CO-BUILDING & SYMBIOSIS
Upholding the core concepts of co-building and symbiosis, the project was conducted as a PBL (Project-based Learning) practice, with primary school students acting as the main body and the construction unit & professional students serving as a volunteer team. It intends to guide pupils to understand designs based on a series of workshops, stimulate students' initiative and creativity, and motivate them to participate in building an ideal garden.
SURVEY AND COMMUNICATION
Founded in 1998, the Houhai Primary School of Shenzhen University's Affiliated Education Group (Nanshan) is a full-time public primary school funded by the People's Government of Nanshan District. It officially started operation in September 1999. Covering an area of 10,239 m2 and a floor area of 7,550m2, the primary school currently has 34 classes, 1,600 students, and 104 professional teachers.
Houhai Primary School's president Chen introduced to us the school's basic status and led us to know the story behind the garden to be constructed: The mulberry, peach, pomegranate, and longan trees exquisitely selected by teachers, the meteorological station established for children, etc. These details all reflect the school's attention to students' extracurricular life. We invited the members of TNC to conduct a local survey, so as to deepen my knowledge of the local ecology on the site. According to our findings, there are 70+ categories of plants, which we referred to as weeds. Besides, we observed the traces of many small animals. When chatting with the school's science teacher, we also found that the school lacked the site for outdoor natural teaching. We even "lurked" in the symposium on retired group chefs, having the first surprising contact with lovely students.
Through the detailed background investigation on the site, we have a more detailed understanding of the existing species, quantity and living conditions of animals and plants on the site, and provide technical support for the subsequent design process.
Early investigation form of plants in Houhai Primary School Habitat Garden
Early Stage Animal survey form of Houhai Primary School Habitat Garden (Hundred Orchards)
ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSION ON BUILDING A GARDEN丨POST-IT NOTES OF IDEAS
Children are the most important owners of this garden. GND has always believed that every child is an endless treasure. They have novel, free and bold ideas, as well as their own unique viewpoints and thinking. In order not to miss these precious treasures, we walked into the brigade of Houhai Primary School and held a "round-table discussion" with the children in the form of "thinking, discussion, and voice" about building a garden together, and asked the children to present their ideas in the form of post-it notes as the hosts
What would you like to see in the Future Garden?
Post-it notes of ideas
PLAN OF FUTURE DESIGNERS
It's necessary to free children's brains, hands, legs, space, and time, so that they can enjoy a fully free life and receive a real education in it.
With practical activities in the co-building workshop, we will guide children to shift from books to practice, enhance their critical thinking, and facilitate the change from knowledge to competence. The first workshop activity was held on October 6 to guide Houhai Primary School's students to understand the relations between design and site on the spatial dimension, such as scale and lighting, and propose their demands to reconstruct the site. GND's designers incorporated their comprehensive considerations into the design and reserved two blanks on the time dimension for students to fill up—regeneration bricks and woodwork. By making with both hands, students leave the memory that links themselves and the school on the site. As time passes, more students will fill out the blanks on the site with their hands and the space in their memories.
FIRST CO-BUILDING WORKSHOP丨DESIGN WORKSHOP
After making preliminary preparations, "a plan for future designers" took shape in our minds. GND's team planned the first co-building workshop to teach students about design and scale. Students understand the entire process from proposing the idea to implementation through three stages, including observing, asking why, disconnection & reconstruction. In this process, we collected advice on reconstructing the little masters, the most important part of the garden, to lay a foundation for designing a meaningful, interesting space that meets users' demands.
SECOND CO-BUILDING WORKSHOP丨MAKING OF REGENERATION BRICKS
在「未来设计师计划」的第二次共建工坊中，我们围绕环保·再生·改造开展此次活动，通过林风学院学生团队对环保再生砖的讲解与引导，让学生们从“使用者”的身份转变为“创作者”。 小未来设计师们「后海小学的学生」与准设计师们「华南农业大学林学与风景园林学院师生团队」以及现任设计师们「GND杰地景观小伙伴」一起制作完成了六块再生砖，它们的名字分别为《翠鸟春林1》 、《翠鸟春林2》、《蘑菇与蜗牛》、《我是一盆花》、《iDEER艾迪》、《快乐星球》。制作完成后将把它们铺设在花园中。
In the second co-building workshop of the "Plan for Future Designers", we carried out this activity centered on environmental protection · rebirth · reconstruction. The students of Linfeng College were invited to teach environmentally-friendly regeneration bricks and guide students to change from users to creators. Little future designers (students of Houhai Primary School), would-be designers (the teachers and students from the Forestry and Landscape Architecture College of South China Agricultural University), and current designers (GND's partners) jointly made six regeneration bricks, which were named Spring Forest with Kingfishers1, Spring Forest with Kingfishers 2, Mushrooms and Snails, I Am a Pot of Flowers, iDEER Eddie, and A Happy Plant.
After making these bricks, we laid them in the garden.
By combining theories and practical teaching, students could learn about the materials, manufacturing techniques, and overall structure of regeneration bricks to enrich students' knowledge, enhance students' innovation ability and teamwork skills, and gain the fun of growth.
THIRD SESSION OF CO-BUIDING WORKSHOP丨GROWING PLANTS & MAKING RENEWABLE LOGOS
The "Plan for Future Designers" workshop enabled students to participate in planting activities and the making of renewable logos. By observing each planting procedure, students learned simple working technology, saw changes in plants' growth, and personally experienced the fun of operation and the joy of success. Subsequent follow-up, observation, and records urge students to pay more attention to the process of scientific explorations and changes in things, as well as foster the attitudes of practical, rigorous, and detailed learning.
All the blocks for the logos in the future garden were collected from the abandoned trees on the site, which undergo delicate material selection—measuring scale—sawing wood. Then tree branches were used to fill the logo and fixed with glue. The genius use of waste is a response to the site.
BAMBOO FRAMWORK WORKSHOP
Students from the Forestry and Landscape Architecture College of South China Agricultural University started once again, making bamboo strips and frames on the site. Although it was an unofficial construction studio, it attracted pupils who passed by to join. College students collected plants on the site and made plant specimens on the bamboo frame with transparent acrylic plates. These specimens can be used as teaching props and decorations to create vitality and interest.
After five months from the initial shortlist, mutual selection, communication, design, workshop and construction, a future garden of co-creation and co-construction + playground + natural education + ecologically sustainable is formed. This garden carries beautiful wishes and infinite expectations. Finally, the park is official open! We awarded certificates to the young future designers who actively participated and persisted in this project. At the same time, because we have newly introduced many native plants that teachers and students do not know, we made our own plant signage with red wine corks and barbecue sticks. Students find the corresponding plants in the field and put identification cards on them. As our guests at the opening ceremony said: the future garden is small, but it "gets bigger and bigger" because it is full of details and stories.
LET'S TAKE A LOOK WHAT HAS CHANGED IN THE FINAL CO-CONSTRUCTION GARDEN
The garden is located on the north side of the school building and on the west side of the playground. The garden was originally enclosed by hedges and plant cards. The upper arbor layer was closed, and the lower layer was either bare or scattered soil on the ground. Many small animal sculptures and stone paintings were left idle on the ground. There are also various fruit trees specially selected and planted by the school teachers in the garden. The rich content and base keep many possibilities for our transformation.
The landscape design adheres to the core concept of co-creation-co-construction-symbiosis under the joint efforts of multiple parties. Combining ecologically adaptive landscape design, diverse functional requirements, users' demands, and the sustainability of future operations, we constructed a rich landscape layout based on ecology, re-energize the site, and promote friendship between human and nature, which has provided teachers and students with more opportunities to feel and experience nature.
In the process of project construction, teachers and students can deeply participate in the whole process of garden planning, design and construction by organizing a series of co-construction workshops, which help teachers and students become administrators of their own environment. It laid the foundation for the maintenance, management and operation of the garden in the later period, and brought more interest and vitality to campus life.
The design integrates ecology and art. The plant design is mainly based on the large trees on the original site, which opens up the lower space, facilitates maintenance and management, and creates an interesting space for participation in combination with paving. Teachers and students can feel the breath of plants during class break, and have fun and health. Recycling and utilization of waste resources reduces costs while achieving environmental protection and sustainable development. The designer recycled the removed plants from the original site to provide raw materials for display surface such as LOGO, signage, garden road fence, and outdoor creative bench. These installations will receive unexpected surprises over time. The design recycles construction wastes such as tiles, bricks, glass bottles, etc. Under the guidance of designers and professionals, primary school students form unique recycled bricks which are used as garden paths through conception, design, reorganization, splicing, and production. Artistic creation brings old things back to life and has emotional memory points.
SPACE DESIGN : A PARTICIPATORY LANDSCAPE COMBINING NATURE AND ART
OUTDOOR ACTIVITY AREA
The students expressed their desire for outdoor tables, stools and communication spaces. The design team responded by creating a flexible outdoor activity space. Bamboo structures - herbarium flower stands and decorative fences were placed on the side of the wall, which are used as creative decorations for the space and also natural educational tools. The honeycomb rest bench is made from galvanized steel, preservative wood, construction waste and tree trunks recycled from the site, and can be used as a bench and podium for speakers and visitors to relax. The native arbors beside the benches provide a comfortable shade area for rest on the outdoor benches.
The fun swing hidden in the forest not only meets the children's requirements for fun, but also ensure the safety of the children when they play which is located in a semi-enclosed space between the gallery frame and the corridor railings. The meandering shape of the entrance garden road continues the design idea of the site, using the reclaimed trunks and branches of the site as a fence and placing it on the edge of the planting area. Where evergreen, deciduous, ornamental flowers and native landscape plants create a unique ecosystem.
Over time, the reclaimed wood will dissolve into the soil through a process of rebirth.
「后海」出自《礼记·学记》: 「三王之祭川也，皆先河而后海。或源也，或委也。此之谓务本。」 「后海」是自本源出发，「未来」是希望。「务本求是，共建未来」是我们对所有孩子的期许。
Houhai is a term from the Book of Rites · Learning and Memorizing, "When it comes to worshipping water, three emperors place rivers before the ocean because they are the source of origin or are meandering. Such is the so-called root. Houhai means starting from the origin, while "future" means hope. "Realism, seeking-truth, and co-building of future" are our expectations for all children.
In the brainstorming stage of the concept design, the future designers are full of enthusiasm for the pond. Considering that the school has set up a few places to raise fish, why not try something new! Rain gardens can beautify the environment, purify the air, and improve the local microclimate, thus forming a unique ecosystem.
The arrangement of plants fully considers the changes in color and texture, and the rich variety also provides a suitable place for post nature education. Combining with the plant habitats of different sites on the campus, the native tree species are applied reasonably, so that students can explore deeply to gain practical experiences about natural vegetation in the region, which helps to cultivate their environmental management awareness, and realizes sustainable development education.
The landscape designer hopes that teachers and students can feel that they are immersed in a prosperous and interesting natural garden when they are in this space, and hopes everyone can slow down to experience and enjoy the garden by creating a number of plant group landscapes around the galleries on the original site. Also, the design keeps the small animal sculptures and stone paintings that have been "stationed" in the garden, and combine them with plants to form a new landscape, waiting for children to explore and discover.
The collision of thoughts, several workshops, and the construction of each node started and got better under the joint efforts of people who love the future garden. We hope that everyone will work together in the symbiosis stage to create more possibilities.
EXPLORE NATURE · FEEL THE BEAUTY
After the project is completed, the connection between the school and the environment, nature and people will be established, allowing children to perceive education through experiential exploration and enrich their spiritual and cultural growth.
Children come to the garden to get close to nature, shuttle among the forests, play and explore nature, and feel the beauty and gifts of nature.
The landscape design creates a natural, social and healthy space environment based on functional requirements and user demands. Through the construction of various real-life scenarios such as play, social interaction, and learning, it provides teachers and students with gardens for viewing, resting, nature education and outdoor activities. Habitat gardens and plant landscaping take care of the symbiotic relationship and sustainability of animals and plants; outdoor activity areas and fun swings improve space utilization and create more possibilities for children's after-school activity space; The workshop will lay the foundation for the following organizations of hand-made practical activities for students from time to time.
OUR FUTURE GARDEN CARRIES A PROMISING FUTURE
It is called the future garden not only because our project is named the Plan of Future Designers, but because none of us knows what the garden will eventually look like. Also, this garden and its constructor will grow over time. Therefore, it requires everyone to insist and work hard bit by bit. This garden is from the future, and its construction process is a dialogue between the future and us. This garden carries not only participators' memories but also their expectations. It hopes not to be forgotten but to be accompanied. We hope that everyone who paid time and effort for it can point at it and proudly say, "I participated in building this garden. This brick, the timber pole, and plants are perfect proof.
Organizer and Sponsor: Nanshan District Urban Management and Comprehensive Law Enforcement Bureau
Co-organized by: GND Jiedi Landscape Design, Shekou Community Foundation，The Nature Conservancy (TNC), Shenzhen Green Fund Association, Shenzhen Center for Design
Supported by: Houhai Primary School, South China Agricultural University丨College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture
Design Execution: GND Jiedi Landscape Design
Project Address: Shenzhen, Guangdong - Houhai Primary School Affiliated to Shenzhen University
Community Garden: Campus Type
Design area: about 350㎡
Design content: landscape renovation and improvement
Design time: July 2021
Completion time: December 2021
Chief Designer: Qiu Ge,Li Bing, Yue Xue
Concept design: Luo feng, Yang Ke
Garden construction design: Dai Jianli, Li Dongmei
Plant Design: Zeng Fengling
Teacher-student team: Lin Yiying, Li Jian, Hu Zhijie, Luo Jiaqi (mentor team). Xu Xiang, Zheng Zhide, Ye Tiantian, Wu Siyan, Huang Yang, Luo Wanqing, Ru Zhiying (student team).
Landscape construction: Shenzhen jingxiulvye Landscaping Engineering Co., Ltd
Photography: Zeng Tianpei、Che Di
Planning/Visual Effects: iDEER LAB