深圳市南山区文心公园景观设计 | 未名设计（WMLA） + 北京远洋（深圳分公司）
Park life under a natural canopy,where the hearts are at peace
Shenzhen is developing from a city of a thousand gardens to a city of various community parks, which have been nourishing the daily life of urban residents. Wenxin Park, located in the center of Nanshan district and near the north of Nanshan Book City, fully demonstrates what a beautiful life is in nature. Surrounded by the amenity of greenery, children play happily, adults work out to keep fit, while the elderly sings and dances under the trees. The park is very popular to all ages from dawn to dusk.
Located at the intersection of Nanhai Avenue and Binhai Avenue, Wenxin Park is adjacent to Nanshan Book City. It has a strong cultural atmosphere, complete commercial facilities, and dense residential communities, which makes it a daily leisure destination for residents in the central area of Nanshan District.
Wenxin Park is the core of a high-density construction area
Originally built in 2004, Wenxin park has been developing with the city for almost two decades. The little trees have already grown into a forest, the number of users has been rising, and the demands for park functions have become increasingly diversified. However, the wild shrubs under the trees occupied the activity spaces, so there were always conflicts among people for sports, leisure, social and childcare due to lack of space. With the advancement of the construction of Shenzhen Park City, and to meet people’s growing visions for a better life and give the park a new connotation of the times, Shenzhen Nanshan District Urban Management and Comprehensive Law Enforcement Bureau carried out the upgrade and renovation work.
Photos before renovation
The effect of Wenxin Park after renovation
Parks are integrated into the neighborhood and develope with the city
Community parks in the urban core tend to be more closely related to surrounding neighborhoods. The park is not only a green boundary, but a life carrier for integration into the development of the city and neighborhoods from a regional perspective. The road green space is fully integrated with the park green space, expanding the park's usable area, which is the first step for Wenxin Park to integrate into the city.
After multiple coordination, the land temporarily occupied by the metro superstructure on the west side was formally incorporated into the park, providing space for possible functional expansion. By analyzing traffic flow and user characteristics, the Binhai Avenue auxiliary road, overpass, and Nanhai Avenue are integrated to form an external loop, which is designed with the park. The designing team also optimized the project construction sequence to reduce the impact on the surrounding life.
Integrated streetscape with park design
The beauty of the park unfolds from the street interface. The pedestrian paths are integrated into park boundaries with balanced and appropriate scales, pure materials, and unified design language. Eight entrances invite urban residents to actively participate in the park life and enjoy the park’s high quality.
The continuous landscape wall forms the first interface of the park's identity
The open entrance welcomes citizens to come into the park
Meadow and inkstone as a painting
The sunny lawn could be a beautiful picture without too much design
Overlooking the park, the woods surround the central lawn, like the hand of nature offering a free paradise to the city. The renovation plan still places the lawn at the heart of the park, and completes the design without reducing its usable area. At the same time, the lawn blends with the trees, and its infiltration function of the lawn is improved. Users of all ages could find their favorite usages here, which are compatible with each other and allow to maintain the "niche" of various groups of people.
The Inkstone reshapes the core of the lawn as a work of public art
As children's playground, the changing terrain and curved surfaces welcome children to climb freely.
Green life under the natural canopy
Trees are always the most valuable existence on the site, and a beautiful life will follow
There are about 500 original trees preserved in the park, its canopy provides natural shelter during the long summer days in Shenzhen.
The design values every tree in the park, allowing them to grow freely and demonstrating their beauty, so as to form a continuous image for immersive experience. According to different life scenarios, the under-forest, forest edge, and space between trees create more open green space , which stimulates the participation of more users.
No need to retouch, give the trees beautiful stages again
Seating at the forest edge
The perimeter of the lawn is wooded, with a tall canopy stretching in all directions, activating the forest edge. Below the forest edge, the ground shrubs are cleared and a combination of stone seating and streamlined lounge seating is added. The forest edge resembles a frame to create a beautiful view of the lawn.
Framed by a forest edge, the large tree shelters create a lawn park life picture
Jogging and meandering in the woods
Between the green woods and the lawns, the jogging and walking routes are designed anywhere, subtly integrated into nature. At the same time, it maximizes the length of the 3m wide loop track, and the 1.8m wide trail connects the activity spaces of each group. The two-level path effectively solves right-of-way conflicts inside the park
Separation roads for fast and slow functions
Gaming under the woods
Using the original shrub space, and among the undulating terrain, a powerless playground under the woods is created for children. The boundary is decorated with arrays of plants, and the grey-yellow-orange plastic mats provide a safe activity space, and the slender white steel frame weaves through the forest in an S-shape. The designs shows a great care for children with its appropriate color scheme and an innovative design, and safety is the bottom line throughout all the details.
Children's playground shows the aesthetics and quality
The multi-place swings, bouncy trampoline, merry-go-round, and multi-functional sports climbing frame keep children entertained. In the midst of movement and stillness, they could be enlightened and improve their physical functions, and continue to explore the boundaries of their abilities. Parents are both comfortable guardians and active participants. The place gently invites them to spend quality time with their children and make sweet memories.
A playground provides childhood fun for children
Stretching in the shade
The shade is the most vivid environment in the forest. The sun shines through the forest, falling broken and flickering, where people also become more energetic. It is most suitable for fitness under the shade of trees. There are soft mats with pleasant colors. And diverse facilities are equipped to attract more passers-by. Exercise is magical, and its fun is far spreading, which helps the venue become the focal point of the vitality of the park.
the smart fitness service specialist in the woods,
Socializing in the woods
The plaza in front of the veranda is integrated with the activity platform to form a park living room, a back garden, and a patio courtyard, which has become the social center of the park. Sitting under the veranda, watching trees, flowers and water, playing chess or cards, or simply chatting, reading and doing Tai Chi, the elderly, the adult, and the children, all can enjoy themselves harmoniously.
The plaza in front of the gallery becomes the living room of the park
The porch back garden works as a social garden
Tall trees lushly form a natural dome. Turning the slightly sloping terrain into a natural stone collage of stacking benches, reshaping the dense ground cover into an undergrowth terrace, and adding linear lighting as decoration, all these measures transformed the formerly unusable space into a multifunctional mini-theatre. Different activities such as senior citizens' orchestra, community films, park promotions, and a children's stage play take place here, which have greatly enhanced the park's activity experience.
A multi-purpose amphitheater, lit by starlight at night, creates an ethereal atmosphere
Secluded Creek and Sponge Landscape
Seeking for the rain sprite through the woods
The original corner pond is transformed into a resilient dry stream landscape, where the topography is integrated with the forest landscape, the gravels help to precipitate and filter the water, and the water-resistant wet plants form ecological berms, enriching the landscape effects and realizing the sponge function.
In the daytime, the sky is changing with lights and clouds, and at night, insects and frogs chirp in the stream. The fragrance, lights, and plants ease the fatigue of high-pressure workers. It is also a popular place for children to play in the water, catching fish and shrimps, which allows them to enjoy a worry-free childhood similar to that of their parents.
Stroll along the stream, feed the fish at the bridge, and enjoy the morning sun in the woods
The stream and mist system make a natural playground for children
Beautiful and functional creek landscape
Book bar with leisure
A quiet place to escape the hustle and bustle
A park is naturally a good place for reading, thinking and writing. The plan use the green space above the metro to build a leisure book bar, which expands from cultural building to cultural landscape. The book bar provides light food and coffee, offering an effective solution to diversity the services that the traditional park lacks.
Landscape walls and hedges brush away the constant flow of traffic
The book bar light up the shades of green
A small courtyard with an exquisite water view, where trees, verandahs, streams and landscape walls come together form a scenery, where one can sit in the bar and read a book, watch the flowing water and flowers, and look out through the woods, like watching a silent movie.
A beautiful painting of long-lasting meaning
Redefining the park life
Twelve Hours of Life Illustration in Wenxin Park
The successful landscape upgrade of Wenxin Park has driven a change in the lifestyle of the residents. Every morning at 5.30 am, the old people who exercise in the morning kick off the park life, and then runners, parents with children, chess seniors, dance teams, shuttlecock organizations, ball enthusiasts, musical instruments practicers, young readers, playing children, students after school ...... Different groups of people find the most suitable time and space for each other in the park, and various activities are connected in an orderly manner until late at night.
Conclusion & Words from Designers
Conservation: In the context of the "Tree Protection Measures" , renovation needs to be more prudent, and trees are no longer fodder for greenery. We should realize that this is an opportunity to allow us to rethink the relationship between trees and life scenarios.
Insight: From observation to insight, respecting for original usage habits, problem-based design
Balance: Balancing the demands of public interests and solving pain points
Creation: The creation of new life scenarios is the goal of the project.
Iteration: Promoting standards based on real-life practice
The trees form a canopy, continuing the green memory of the park, and the leisure life in the park is integrated into the daily life of the surrounding residents.
The park is a place to silence the mind, and enjoy park life under the canopy of nature. It is the fulfillment of the design mission, the inheritance of the modern park spirit, and the embodiment of the original heart of people.
Project Name: Community Hall: Renovation of Wenxin Park, Shenzhen
Project scale: 26732m2
Opening date: January 15, 2022
Project Location: Southwest of the intersection of Nanhai Avenue and Binhai Avenue, Nanshan District
Owner: Shenzhen Nanshan District Urban Management and Comprehensive Law Enforcement Bureau
Designers: Shenzhen Weiming Design Consulting CO., LTD & Sino-ocean Landscape Design Institute (Shenzhen Branch)
Construction unit: Shenzhen Sensi Environmental Art Engineering Co., LTD
Supervision Unit: Shenzhen Qijun Construction Engineering Consultant Co., LTD
Owner Team: Bin Wang, Shanshan Jiang, Yanjun Deng
Design Team: Di CHE, Fang YANG, Yuan XIE, Tianlan CAI, Yue LIU, Yuan LIN, Zuoshi QIN, Shuting HUANG, Feng ZHONG, Di ZHANG, Mingfu ZHANG, Weiqi XU, Xin CHEN, Liping YANG, Yue ZHANG
Photography: TAL/ Tianpei Zeng, Shenzhen Weiming Design Consulting CO., LTD (WMLA)
Contact: Miss Liu email@example.com