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伊朗小岛上的极简文化中心设计 | ZAV Architects

ZAVArchitects 2021-10-09
原创
  • 项目名称:
    Rong文化中心
  • 项目地点:
    伊朗霍尔木兹岛
  • 项目规模:
    300 m2 (霍尔木兹岛改造:42 km2;原型设计:60 m2)
  • 设计公司:
  • 委托方:
    Ehsan Rasoulof
  • 建成时间:
    2017
  • 图片来源:
    Soroush Majidi, ZAV Architects

霍尔木兹岛是霍尔木兹海峡中的一块椭圆形小岛,靠近阿巴斯港-波斯湾,陆地面积42 平方公里,周边海水盐度高。小岛气候温暖,潮湿又干旱,经济并不景气。这座Rong文化中心位于霍尔木兹的主要港口区。

Hormoz Island is an oval-shaped salty patch, near Bandar Abbas-Persian Gulf with 42 km2 land area. It is warm, humid & dry & is economically stressed out. Rong is located in Hormoz main port. 


▼霍尔木兹岛上的Rong文化中心

Hormoz Island and Rong Cultural Center © Soroush Majidi

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团队在构想建筑类型之前,决定先对岛上的社会和环境可持续等问题进行仔细的调研。为实现所构想的愿景,他们与当地霍尔木兹人积极合作,进行了多轮跨学科的头脑风暴。

Before offering any architecture typology for Rong, We had decided to have a calculated presence in Island by paying attention to social and environmental sustainability. A collaborative process has been set up towards future vision for Island & multi-disciplinary brainstorming workshops were held by participation of both Hormozians & designer.


▼波斯湾旁的Rong文化中心鸟瞰图

Top view of the Rong Cultural Center on Persian Gulf © Soroush Majidi

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▼Rong文化中心建筑鸟瞰图

Top view of the Rong Cultural Center © Soroush Majidi

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讨论之后,一个临时的社区中心先建了起来,以吸引当地人参与其中。项目旨在创建一个永久的文化活动场地,但在建造过程中,由于缺乏合适的施工技术和建筑类型,如何与霍尔木兹的地理环境相协调成为项目的难题。

As a result, first a community center was set up temporarily to gain participation of locals. With intention of providing permanent space for cultural activities & due to lack of an acceptable construction system & architectural typology offering something that deals with geography and environment of Hormoz was essential in shaping process.


▼人们聚集在Rong文化中心的公共空间

View to public space of the Rong © Soroush Majidi

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为了形成一个与岛屿相协调的空间,团队在研究了霍尔木兹的地貌特征后,决定采用一种类似土丘一样的大地语言。为了建造这样的自然形态,团队发现可以借用夯土结构和伊朗建筑师纳德•哈利利的“超级土坯”形式来实现。在建造过程中,他们又改良了沙袋技术,并结合了钢筋水泥的结构。

To obtain such a space which is harmonized with the island, Geo-morphology of Hormoz has been studied and one of a kind of land effects that is a like short hills has been chosen. To construct such a natural form, team concluded that rammed earth system & Nader Khalili’s SUPERADOBE could be appropriated. In its implementation, adopted sandbag technology was combined with steel structure covered with cement.


▼Rong文化中心前景

Front view of the Rong Cultural Center © Soroush Majidi

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▼ Rong文化中心后侧景观

Back view of the Rong Cultural Center © Soroush Majidi

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▼阶梯状的建筑形态语言,源自于霍尔木兹岛的地貌特征

Stairs morph in topographic landscape architecture informed by Hormoz Geo-Morphology © Soroush Majidi

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Rong文化中心包含一个45平米的游客中心与咖啡馆、一个80平米的自行车租赁处和一个相同大小的舞台。阶梯平台处经常举办各种文化活动、庆典和仪式,既是当地人与游客的互动媒介,也是一处可以休闲散步的城市空间。它与岛屿的地貌景观和谐地融为一体,又别具一格。Rong文化中心已成为霍尔木兹人的骄傲,也被视作一处满足了文化艺术需求的优美空间。

Rong includes a 45 square meter tourist information and café & a bike rental at the same size with 80 square meter back stage. An 80 square meter step platform hosts cultural activities, events & ceremonies that operate as a mediator between locals & tourists & is an urban space that people can walk on it. It has harmony with island’s geomorphology & is iconic at same time. Its presence brings pride for Hormozians & is seen as a beautiful space by answering demand of a cultural center. 


▼游客中心外景

Tourist Information © Soroush Majidi

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▼游客中心内景

Interior view of tourist information © Soroush Majidi

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▼咖啡馆外景

Rong Cafe © Soroush Majidi

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▼咖啡馆内景

Interior view of the Rong cafe © Soroush Majidi

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▼一对当地母子路过Rong文化中心

A woman from Hormoz is passing seashore together with her son, Rong is in background © Soroush Majidi

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▼正从阶梯上走下来的人

A man coming down the public place © Soroush Majidi

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▼在公共空间玩耍的当地孩子

A child from Hormoz playing on public space © Soroush Majidi

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Rong文化中心是一个灵活多变的公共空间。咖啡馆是游客、居民和附近工作者的休息场所。阶梯则成为一个公众舞台,能容纳各种音乐、文化和庆典活动,丰富着霍尔木兹人的夜生活。这里激励着人们展示天性,邀请大家来热情参与。同时,它遵循了可持续和可回收原则,既可轻松快速地建造,又可不断复制再用。

Rong brought a flexible public space. Café became a break space for tourists, locals & nearby workers. Stairs are playing a public space role that embrace musical/ cultural/ environmental events, & shapes Hormozians` night life. Rong accepts people's reality & invites their participation & engagement. It is sustainable & recyclable fast and easy built with ease, it can be replicated again & again.


▼Rong文化中心公共空间的东面视野

View to public space of the Rong to the east © Soroush Majidi

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▼Rong文化中心公共空间的西面视野

View from public space of the Rong to the west © Soroush Majidi

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▼Rong文化中心夜景

Night view of the Rong Cultural Center © Soroush Majidi

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▼概念分析图01

Diagram 01 ©️ ZAV Architects  

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▼概念分析图02

Diagram 02 ©️ ZAV Architects  

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▼初步调研后建成了临时的社区中心

Diagram- Community Center ©️ ZAV Architects  

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▼原型构想

Diagram- Prototypes ©️ ZAV Architects  

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▼施工过程

Diagram- Construction ©️ ZAV Architects  

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▼建筑平面图

Plan ©️ ZAV Architects  

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▼立面图

Elevation ©️ ZAV Architects  

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▼横剖面

Section ©️ ZAV Architects  

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▼纵剖面

Longitudinal Section ©️ ZAV Architects  

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项目基本信息

项目名称:Rong文化中心

项目地点:伊朗霍尔木兹岛

项目规模:300 m2 (霍尔木兹岛改造:42 km2;原型设计:60 m2)

设计公司:ZAV Architects

设计角色:建筑设计

委托方:Ehsan Rasoulof

建成时间:2017(45天建成)(霍尔木兹岛改造:2015年至今;原型设计2016年,耗时70天)

建筑原型与主创设计:Soroush Majidi

图片来源:Soroush Majidi, ZAV Architects

原创设计:Mohamadreza Ghodousi, Golnaz Bahrami, Fatemeh Rezaei, Soroush Majidi

研究与设计团队:Kaveh Rashidzadeh, Mohsen Safshekan, Hossein Panjepour, Yeganeh Ghezelloo

交流中心设计:Maral Ashgvari

建造施工:Ehsan Rasoulof

委托方项目经理:Amir Nobahari Tehrani

工程经理:Hormat Ghasemi

项目监工:Soroush Majidi

结构工程:Behrang Baniadam

电气工程:Peyman Shafeeian

机械工程:Peyman Shafeeian

运营经理:Amin Davaee

家具设计:Amin Davaee

平面设计:Yeganeh Ghezelloo, Negar Yaraghi, Golnaz Khosrawani

图片拍摄:Soroush Majidi, ZAV Architects

联系邮箱:zavarchitects@gmail.com

公司网站:www.zavarchitects.com

Project Name: Rong Cultural Center

Project location: Hormoz Island, Iran

Gross Built Area: 300 m2 (Regeneration of Hormoz Island: 42 km2; Prototype: 60 m2)

Office name: ZAV Architects

Office functon: Architecture

Clients: Eehsan Rasoulof

Completion Year: 2017 (45 days) (Regeneration of Hormoz Island: 2015 – present; Prototype: 2016 – 70 days)

Design Director of Prototype and Rong Cultural Center: Soroush Majidi

Original Architect: Mohamadreza Ghodousi, Golnaz Bahrami, Fatemeh Rezaei, Soroush Majidi

Research and Design Team: Kaveh Rashidzadeh, Mohsen Safshekan, Hossein Panjepour, Yeganeh Ghezelloo

Design of Communication Center: Maral Ashgvari

Construction: Ehsan Rasoulof

Client Project manager: Amir Nobahari Tehrani

Site Manager: Hormat Ghasemi

Supervision: Soroush Majidi

Structure: Behrang Baniadam

Electrical Engineer: Peyman Shafeeian

Mechanical Engineer: Peyman Shafeeian

Operation Manager: Amin Davaee

Furniture: Amin Davaee

Graphic: Yeganeh Ghezelloo, Negar Yaraghi, Golnaz Khosrawani

Photo credits: Soroush Majidi, ZAV Architects

General email address: zavarchitects@gmail.com

Website: www.zavarchitects.com


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