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盐田19.5公里海滨栈道重建景观设计 | 译地设计

香港译地 2021-03-26
原创
  • 项目名称:
    盐田19.5公里海滨栈道重建
  • 项目地点:
    广东
  • 设计公司:
  • 委托方:
    深圳市盐田区工务署
  • 建成时间:
    2020年
  • 所获奖项:
    2019年香港城市设计学会优异奖、2020年大湾区城市设计奖建成类优胜奖、2020年艾景奖杰出设计奖
  • 图片来源:
    曾天培建筑摄影、香港译地、深圳蕾奥


00 封面: 盐田19.5公里海滨栈道.jpg

▲ 盐田19.5公里海滨栈道


盐田海滨栈道位于深圳东部的盐田海岸线,总长19.5公里,是深圳最为著名的滨海步道。本项目是台风山竹之后的重建工程。山竹台风是自1983年来深圳遭遇的最强台风,最大风力达到14级,原有的栈道和植被在灾害中遭到严重损毁。

Situated at the coast of Yantian in the eastern part of Shenzhen, the 19.5 km long Yantian Waterfront Boardwalk is the most famous waterfront for the spectacular ocean views. It is a reconstruction project after the hit of Super Typhoon Mangkhut in 2018, which is the strongest typhoon hitting Shenzhen since 1983, reaching Beaufort scale level 14, brought devastating destruction to the existing boardwalk.


02 2018年山竹台风后的场地照片.jpg

▲ 2018年山竹台风后的场地照片

01 总平面图.jpg

▲ 总平面图

03 大梅沙段平面图.jpg

▲ 大梅沙段平面图


已实施的部分总长约11公里,重建的栈道重新连接了大小梅沙、揹仔角等壮丽自然风光的景区,并将观光、健身的游憩步道延伸到了海鲜街这样的海滨商业街区。新的栈道采用了更安全合理的选线,更适应气候的构造细节,为市民提供了更具容纳性和活动性的开放空间。借助重建的机会,海滨栈道将原本割裂的城市空间与自然景区紧密的联系在一起,重新定义了丰富的人文生活与壮阔的自然景观之间的关系,带给城市更具活力的滨海岸线。

The implemented part has a length of 11km. Tourist spots with spectacular sceneries, including Dameisha, Xiaomeisha and Beizaijiao, are connected by the new boardwalk. The leisure path, with tourist and sports elements, also extends to the Seafood Street, which is a promenade along local commercial blocks.  

The new boardwalk has an alignment with higher safety requirements and details with better climate resilience. It provides open spaces with higher inclusiveness and flexibility. By taking the chance of reconstruction, the Waterfront Boardwalk links up the fragmented urban fabric with the natural tourist spots, redefining the relationship between living and natural landscape. The new Yantian Waterfront Boardwalk would become a sustainable, vigorous, and world-class waterfront. 


▲ 大梅沙段:栈道从半山森林连接到海滨的侏罗纪时期的岩石上,引导游客通向波澜壮阔的自然景观

▲ 位于大梅沙段的观岩苏尔:游客们在岩石上架起的平台上观景和拍照

▲ 位于大梅沙段的观岩苏尔:观赏日出日落的最佳视角


海滨栈道大梅沙段由三层步道体系组成:原有车行道,新建的上层自行车骑行道和下层滨海栈道。新增的三座图书馆驿站位于车行道旁边,成为旅客进入骑行道的入口,屋顶作为观景平台,旅客可以在这里饱览大鹏湾。观景平台设置在地势较高的骑行道旁,而海角苏尔则设置在靠近海岸的悬挑栈道旁,两种休憩平台提供了截然不同的观海体验,成为活力海岸的催化剂。

The Dameisha Section of the Waterfront Boardwalk consists of three levels of corridors: the existing road, the bicycle trail and footpath at the upper portion and suspended boardwalk at the lower portion. Located at larger areas where the topography is comparatively flat, the new Service Stations act as entrances for the visitors who can enjoy the spectacular view of Dapeng Bay at the viewing platforms on the roof of the Service Stations. Paths and stairs move gently down the slope from the service station to the suspended boardwalk, enhancing the vertical connection between the two corridors. Viewing Platforms are located along the bicycle path, while Surs are located at the shoreline next to the suspended boardwalk. These two kinds of recreation platforms, which provide distinct experiences of sea-viewing, are the indispensable catalysts for a dynamic waterfront.


▲ 位于大梅沙段的栈道连桥串联海滨人行

▲ 位于大梅沙段的山林栈道采用通透的钢网材料,保证了山体上植物生长的采光,并很好保留了场地上的原生树木。

▲ 位于大梅沙段的山林栈道提供了极佳的望海视角


海滨栈道海鲜街段位于盐田其中一个最繁华的海滨商业街区,海鲜街海滨亦在台风山竹吹袭期间遭受严重破坏。海鲜街段是集骑行于一体的休闲海滨长廊,部分较宽阔路段设有下沉区域,提供更近水的海岸体验。护栏底部为模块化混凝土组合而成,顶部栏杆则以不锈钢和木质扶手组成。长廊另一面为了解决高差问题,设计了以模块化混凝土组合而成的景墙,呼应海滨生活的动感。靠近海边观海吧凳区为观海休闲提供最佳位置。植物设计以南国风情为主,沿路种植海枣类的热带和亚热带植物,将海鲜街海滨塑造成市民休闲娱乐的好去处。

The Seafood Street Section of the Waterfront Boardwalk situates at one of the most prosperous commercial and retail areas in Yantian District. The promenade along Seafood Street was devastated during the hit of Typhoon Mangkhut. The design team treated the reconstruction project as an opportunity to reshape Yantian District. Seafood Street Section is a recreational promenade with bicycle trail and walkway. Part of the wider section is sunken for a closer experience with the coast. The bottom part of the balustrade is made up of prefabricated concrete modules, while the top part comprises stainless steel and treated wood handrail. At the other side of the promenade, retaining wall with prefabricated concrete modules echoes with the dynamic waterfront living. The feature high-chairs provide the best location for visitors to enjoy the marvelous views of Yantian Port. The tropical style planting design is reflected by the row of palm trees along the path. The overall design of the Seafood Street Section of the Waterfront Boardwalk shapes itself into a popular destination for citizens to relax and play.


▲ 位于大梅沙段的山林栈道提供了极佳的望海视角

11 位于大梅沙段的礁石步道旁,提供享受日落的独特景观.jpg

▲ 位于大梅沙段的礁石步道旁,提供享受日落的独特景观


▲ 大梅沙驿站图书馆的屋顶设有观景平台,旅客可以在这里饱览大鹏湾的壮丽景致


项目地点:中国 深圳

业主单位:深圳市盐田区工务署

代建单位:华润置地城市运营管理(深圳)有限公司

摄影版权:曾天培建筑摄影、香港译地、深圳蕾奥

总体概念方案及扩初设计:香港译地

设计联合体:深圳蕾奥规划设计(规划和概念方案提供支持、部分初设、施工图设计)

设计联合体:中交水运(水工、结构、护坡及海事)


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