涌头社区核心区环境综合改造设计 | 东大设计
委托方：东莞市住房和建设局（发起单位） 东莞市长安镇人民政府（主体单位） 东莞市长安镇住房和建设局（执行单位） 东莞市长安镇涌头社区居民委员会（执行单位）
In April 2020, after nearly a year of renovation and upgrading, the Chongtou Beautiful Village Residential Contiguous Construction Project designed and completed by Dongda was fully completed. The project is a beautiful rural demonstration area construction action initiated by Dongguan Municipal Housing and Construction Bureau, shaping a community living space with beautiful environment and meeting the diverse needs of modern people. Chongtou community covers an area of about 3 square kilometers. The old village, new village, workshop and villager's self-built houses grow barbarously, with high density but low quality, disordered parking and lack of organization, and lack of public space and facilities in the community, leading to the low vitality of the community. With agriculture and forestry area, factory area, and former village area as the core, Chongtou beautiful village in continuous construction implemented the projects by areas, such as old village core area upgrading, landscape pastoral area renovation, and factories regulation. Through the “aggregation and upgrading” of multiple elements, such as factories, houses and farmland, the urban village achieved a “metamorphosis”, and got a completely new look. It plays a good demonstration role in the construction of other beautiful villages, and is also an important measure to promote the improvement of Dongguan's urban quality.
Aerial view of the project © 曾天培
Core environmental comprehensive renovation design is pouring head shall build above for the main content of ascension, the project covers an area of about 1.5 hectares. Through a comprehensive and in-depth improvement of the whole elements of the area such as parking, function, space, greening, surrounding buildings, paving, furniture and facilities, the project creates an ideal home for residents to live a happy life. On the north side of the project is Wenshan Road, the main road of the community; on the south side is Wenclan Ancestral Hall; and on the east and west sides are Chongtou Office Center and Farmer's Market. The site space is occupied by parking, people and cars mixed causing big safety risks, and outdoor activities lack specific space. The design team has carried on the overall planning for the parking in the area again, and set up a semi-underground parking lot to relieve the parking pressure in the area. At the same time additional leisure space is provided to create a social gathering place.
Site before renovation ©东大设计
Aerial view before renovation ©东大设计
Aerial view after renovation © 曾天培
The design respects the existing spatial pattern in general, preserves the existing surrounding buildings, and focuses on the transformation of the farmers' market and office center. Cancel the pavement parking, the original pavement parking area into a pure pedestrian space, forming a central plaza. There is a height difference between the site in front of the office center and the central square, so the underground garage is set by the height difference. Meanwhile, the roof of the garage naturally forms a good viewing and leisure platform. The 2.5m height difference between the central square and the platform is digested by a large step in a graceful form, satisfying the pedestrian connection while providing a place for sitting, communication and rest.
The roof of the underground garage is used as a leisure platform © 曾天培
The great steps of variable form © 曾天培
The main entrance and exit set up a transparent view wall, forming the boundary between inside and outside space. The landscape wall adopts the way of leaky Windows, and looks at the square faintly and faintly from the outside to the inside, which gives a sense of mystery. Viewed from the inside of the square, the view wall effectively blocks the view from the surrounding large buildings.
Transparent view wall at entrance © 东大设计/曾天培
The central square is about 1500 square meters. The whole space is deliberately empty with blank space, only simple hard paving, the overall feeling of atmosphere clean, and can meet the needs of residents to carry out a variety of functions here, activating the vitality of the community and becoming the focal point of the area. After the completion of the square every day many residents to spend some leisure time.
A vibrant square space © 曾天培
The space between the leisure platform and the central square is large and over 2.5 meters high. The design uses the form of steps to eliminate the height difference. Through the twists and turns on the plane, the transitional platform and the planting of trees, the volume and the sense of pressure are weakened. Steps not only meet the requirements of pedestrian traffic and barrier-free ramps, but also a good place for sitting and viewing.
Children are running and playing on the steps © 曾天培
The old people sit quietly and communicate on the steps © 曾天培
Lights are on to meet the basic lighting and highlight the cultural lettering © 曾天培
The area of the leisure platform is similar to that of the central square, which is divided into a number of friendly and pleasant small spaces through the gallery and tree pool, in contrast to the simple and large space of the square.
Leisure terrace gallery space © 曾天培
The farmers' market near the central square was originally low and dilapidated, with single function, poor sanitation, low utilization rate and low benefit. On the basis of retaining the main structure, the design adds a tall roof at the entrance, which perfectly connects the indoor and outdoor space. Large-scale grey space under the big roof not only blurs the boundary between indoor and outdoor space, but also dispels the sense of oppression of the building. The open entrance presents an open and friendly attitude, and then the outdoor space is infiltrated into the building through the grey space.
Farmer’s market before renovation © 东大设计
Day view of the farmer's market after transformation © 曾天培
Night view of the the farmer's market after transforming © 曾天培
Space under the eaves © 曾天培
The original office, built in the 1980s, is a classic example of traditional, slightly imposing yamen. On the basis of completely retaining the original building, the design uses a simple steel frame to form a transparent grid "stitching" facade, without emphasizing the original symmetrical form, so that the building no longer has the concave and convex shape, thus presenting a low-key and open posture, reflecting the affinity of strong service for the people office image.
Office center before the renovation © 东大设计
Office center after the renovation © 曾天培
After three years of detailed design and construction, the core area of Chongtou has been transformed into an ideal wonderful place since the design of the overall project won the bidding at the beginning of 2018. It has greatly improved the environmental quality of the community and enhances residents' sense of belonging and cohesion. The practice of chongtou also let us from the technical level to do a solid research, with professional feelings to reshape a happy ideal home.
aerial view of the project © 曾天培
Project name：Comprehensive environmental renovation design of core area of chongtou community
Designer：DONGDA (SHENZHEN) DESIGN CO., LTD.
Project location：Changan Town, Dongguan City, Chung Tou Community
Design year & Completion Year：2018-2019 & 2020
Leader designer & Team：Zhou Yongzhong、Deng Xin、Bai Yuan、Wang Dezheng、Yang Xufeng、Zhang Shuixian、Mai Xinsui、Chen Xueqiong、Liu Yinghua、Li Rong、Li xiaoyan、Liang shufeng
Dongguan Housing and Construction Bureau (initiator)
People's Government of Chang 'an Town, Dongguan City (principal unit)
Housing and Construction Bureau of Chang 'an Town, Dongguan City (executing unit)
Changan Town, Dongguan City, Chongtou Community Residents Committee (executing unit)
Project size： about 1.5 hectares