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四川峨眉•高桥小镇景观设计 | 乐道景观

乐道景观 2021-10-25
原创
  • 项目名称:
    峨眉•高桥小镇
  • 项目地点:
    四川•峨眉山
  • 项目规模:
    2000亩
  • 设计公司:
  • 施工单位:
    四川圣双园林工程有限公司
  • 委托方:
    四川恒邦双林实业集团有限公司
  • 建成时间:
    2021年04月
  • 图片来源:
    梵境、高桥里项目营销部、一筑一事


前言

Preface


乡村振兴是一个大课题,要解决乡村问题,不能只是简单的依靠单一方面的提升,而是要创建一个生态,这个生态不是盲目的照搬城市,也不是回归原始乡村,而是为乡村焕新一个适合乡村延续和发展的生态体系,这个生态体系应该拥有优美的环境、适当的产业、殷实的村民以及更多的旅人。峨眉•高桥小镇就是这样一个乡村,一场归巢造梦实验,让它在中国数万个被远离的乡村中脱颖而出,乐道景观助力双林恒邦,期望在这片村落质朴的乡野气息上,重新焕发乡村的生机和活力。

Rural revitalization is a big issue. To solve rural problems, we cannot simply rely on a single aspect of improvement, but to create an ecology. This ecology is not blindly copying the city or returning to the original countryside, but renewing the countryside. An ecological system suitable for the continuation and development of the countryside should have a beautiful environment, appropriate industries, substantial villagers and more travelers. Emei•Gaoqiao Town is such a village, a homing dreaming experiment that makes it stand out among the tens of thousands of remote villages in China.LEDA helps Sichuan EVERBON Industrial Group, and hopes to be in the rustic atmosphere of this village. To rejuvenate the vitality and vitality of the countryside.



从前有座山,山下有个村。

A village below the mountain


高桥福田,一个峨眉山脚下的小乡村,村落背靠群山与森林,在这里就可以直接远眺峨眉山金顶,本案就位于这样的原乡环境里,在大约2000亩的乡村土地上,尝试着焕新一个理想中的乡村。

起伏的农田与高山密林仿佛是这乡村大地的“指纹”,一个被当地居民称作“三湾大塘”的鱼塘嵌在这大地的肌理之中,加之当地的村落民居,构成了我们精神世界里久寻的川西原乡,但这里显然缺少了一些生机。 

This project is located in Futian Village, Gaoqiao Town, a small village at the foot of Emei Mountain, with the backdrop of mountains and forests and a distant view of the golden summit of Emei Mountain. In this 2, 000-acre rural environment,,the undulating farmland and dense alpine forest are like the “fingerprints” of the nature. The fish pond called” Sanwan Datang” by the local residents,is embedded in the texture of the land, and together with the local village dwellings, they form the original countryside of western Sichuan that we have long sought in the mental world,but there is obviously some vitality missing here.


高桥原始样貌

A bird's-eye view of Futian Village, former Gaoqiao

00-原高桥福田村鸟瞰动图.gif



田园将芜,人归何处?

The countryside is disappearing


福田村和中国数万个普通乡村一样,也曾在城市化的浪潮中被远离。 人口外流、田退林进、老幼相守,导致这里产业凋零、空巢冷清、文化断裂、环境凌乱,在这2000多亩的范围内,是一片混杂着乱林杂草的农田、一个破败陈旧的鱼塘以及一条面临村落污染的高山小溪。

Like tens of thousands of ordinary villages in China, Futian Village was once distanced from the wave of urbanization.,Leading to the decline of the industry, the empty nest, the cultural fracture, and the messy environment.Within this area of more than 2,000 acres, there is a farmland mixed with forests and weeds, a dilapidated and old fish pond, and a mountain stream facing village pollution.


村落印象 

Village impression

04-村落印象©乐道景观.jpg

场地现状

Site Status

08-场地现状©乐道景观.jpg


2019年,带着对这片热土的尊重,恒邦双林集团于此启动了高桥小镇项目,凭借着乡村振兴的政策支持与峨眉南山世界生态康养核心区的发展优势,开启了一场归巢的造梦实验,期望在村落质朴的乡野气息上,重新焕发乡村的生机和活力。

乡村场景的重构是极为特殊的,在乡村景观的营造上建设方与设计方达成了共识,我们认为乡村景观不是简单的乡土材料堆砌,也不是夸张的技巧炫技,而是还原乡村真实的自然形象、带来新生活、吸引新村民,从根本上为高桥带来改变。

In 2019, the developer EVERBON Group, with its love and respect for this countryside, and with the policy support of rural revitalization and the development advantages of World Ecological Recreation Core Area in Emei,a dream-making experiment of homing has started, hoping to rejuvenate the vitality and vitality of the village in the rustic atmosphere of the village.
The reconstruction of the rural scene is extremely special. The owner and us have reached a consensus on the construction of the rural landscape. We believe that the rural landscape is not simply a pile of native materials, nor is it an exaggerated technique to show off skills, but to restore the true nature of the countryside. The image, bringing new life, and attracting new villagers will fundamentally bring changes to Gaoqiao.



自下而上,自然生长。

Bottom up natural growth


设计师对现有的乡村资源进行整合,从鱼塘、农田、溪流三个资源出发,形成了“湖+田+溪”的乡村景观格局,将失去活力的空间逐点连接,打造湖光乡舍、大地稻禾、丛林溯溪三大乡村景观,同时依托农业和配套产业也为村民带来了参与建设与运营的机会。

The designers planned and integrated the existing resources from three major plates: fish ponds, farmland and streams,to reshape a native and natural” lake- field-stream” rural landscape pattern, connected the lost vitality space point by point. At the same time,the increased supporting service points depending on the type of industry also brought opportunities for villagers to participate in the construction and operation.


设计理念

Design concept

设计理念©乐道景观.jpg



01.湖光乡舍-为乡村带来一片湖光山色 

Lake-Bringing a sense of lake and mountains to the countryside


生硬陈旧的三湾大塘经过景观改造,蓄水成湖,湖体采用生态水处理,利用鱼类、水草以及微生物群落创建水体生态自净系统,鱼跃鸢飞,倒映雪山,既自成风景,也满足稻田灌溉水源的标准。

The fish pond – Sanwan Datang has been retained, and its landscape has been improved by storing water to form a lake. Ecological treatment is adopted to improve the water quality of the lake, so that fish、aquatic plants、microbiota in the lake form an ecological self-purification system, thus carrying out ecological restoration of the water body, forming a natural lake area, while meeting the standards of the paddy field irrigation water source.



乐梵园艺对湖岸进行了梳理,在自然草坡的基础上,采用不同花期的草本花卉营造乡野花境氛围,湖光乡舍,巍峨山水,草坡花镜,于乡野中表达出自然生长的力量。

LEFA combed the lakeshore. On the basis of natural grass slopes, herb flowers of different blooming periods were used to create the atmosphere of rural wildflowers. The majestic mountains and waters, combined with grass slope flower mirrors, express the power of natural growth in the countryside.




02.大地稻禾-与村民一起打造乡村大地景观 

Paddy Field-Create a rural landscape with the villagers


由于年轻的劳动力进城务工,所以留在乡村的基本上都是老人和小孩,他们基本没有收入,同时由于劳动力的缺失让农田大量的闲置,我们将乡村的土地进行了整合,包括那些因为人口流失而荒废的农田重新被利用了起来,栽植彩色水稻、优化田埂线条,结合机耕道营造田野花境,一个川西林盘的大地景观赫然呈现。

不仅如此,在大地稻禾的建设及运营中,聘请原住民参与到耕种与收获中,让乡村的居民共同参与到乡村的复兴中,也为他们带来了更多的劳动收益。

As young laborers enter the cities to work, most of the people who stay in the countryside are the elderly and children. They basically have no income. At the same time, due to the lack of labor, a large amount of farmland is left unused.We have integrated rural land, The farmland that was abandoned due to population loss was re-used, all farmland was integrated, colored rice was planted, and the lines of the ridge were optimized. A landscape of forested land in western Sichuan is impressively presented.
Not only that, in the construction and operation of Dadi Ricegrass,inviting indigenous people to participate in farming and harvesting, allowing village residents to participate in the revival of the village together, and bringing them more labor income.

 

大地稻禾前后对比

Before and after bird’s eye view of the rice field landscape

07-从山脚出发的稻田肌理 ©乐道景观.jpg

08-前后稻田对比 ©乐道景观.jpg

09-成片的荒废农田被重新种植上彩色水稻©乐道景观.jpg


稻田从远处山脚出发,不规则的自然肌理向下延伸而来,在恰当的季节走进田间,耙田插秧、收割稻谷,亲自体验农创耕作是对原乡生活最好的尊重,也吸引着越来越多的“新村民”来到这里,观光体验,亦或是留下来…

The irregular natural texture of the paddy field extends down from the foot of the distant mountain. Walking into the fields at the proper season, raking field and planting rice seedlings, harvesting rice, and experiencing farming for yourself is the best way to respect the life of the original village. It attracts more and more” new villagers” to come here for sightseeing experience or to stay… The large fields of colored rice are managed by local residents, bringing them more labor income.


观光体验的旅人

Sightseeing traveler

返聘当地村民经营稻田,带来收益

Re-employ local villagers and bring them more labor income

14-耕作的村民 ©一筑一事.jpg

16-耕作的村民拼贴 ©乐道景观.jpg


距离稻田不远处,由老旧村舍改造、修旧如旧的“田间本味”餐厅炊烟袅袅,食材就取自周边的稻田菜地,有的农户则在棚下售卖着自种的农产品,一面野趣田园,一面远黛青山,唤醒着村落久违的生机。几何咖啡坐落于稻田野坡之上,草坡花境、青瓦木椽,像大地上生长出来的建筑。而作为首开区的旅居中心,像一所质朴的乡村客厅,迎接着来自四面八方的旅人和归巢人。

这些配套服务点位以及农创产品的研发,都有着当地农民的积极参与,不仅是留守的村民,很多外出打工和隔壁村的人都来了,他们很高兴有这样的工作机会,们有的来当咖啡师有的来当服务员,有的当餐厅厨师,乡村越来越热闹了,居民的素质有了很大的提高,开始更注重保护自己的家园,是人让乡村再次真正的充满了活力。

Not far from the terraced fields,the “Flavor of the Field” restaurant, which was renovated from old cottages and repaired as old as the old, is filled with smoke, and farmers sell their own agricultural products under the shed.With wild pastoral on one side and green hills on the other, the natural and human ecology of the countryside is rejuvenated here.Geometry Coffee is located on the wild slope of the rice field, with grass slope flower borders, green tiles and wooden rafters, like buildings growing on the ground.As the first part of the town to start construction,The sojourn center is located between mountains and rivers, like a rustic living room, welcoming travelers and returnees from all directions.
The three supporting service points and the research and development of agricultural products, all have Local residents for participation. Many people who work in city and people from nearby villages have come back and applied for jobs over here, they are happy to have such jobs. Some of them come to work as baristas, some as waiters, some as restaurant chefs, countryside is getting livelier and livelier. The quality of the residents has improved a lot and they are starting to pay more attention to protecting their homes. It’s the people themselves who are making the countryside truly vibrant again.


田间本味餐厅

the“Tianma Benwei” restaurant

17-修旧如旧的“田间本味”餐厅©乐道景观.jpg

恒邦几何咖啡厅

Hengbang Geometry Cafe

咖啡厅院落花境

Coffee shop courtyard

20-咖啡厅外的乡野浪漫色彩拼贴©乐道景观.jpg

旅居中心

Sojourn Center

21-乡舍体验中心 ©乐道景观.jpg



03.丛林溯溪 

自然是最好的游戏场地 


在原有的高山小溪的基础上,将现状岩石及野性林木进行了最大程度的保留,补栽林木,覆绿裸露的地面,设计溯溪步道,绕过树群和山体随势赋形、梳理溪岸,未来将结合溪流打造溪野花境,整体呈现一个充满野性的乡间小溪。

the designer cleaned the stream on the basis of the original site, and at the same time kept the existing and wild forest to the greatest extent, replanted forest trees, afforested the bare ground, Design a trail to trace the stream, bypassing the tree clusters and mountains, forming shapes and combing the banks of the stream,The stream was combined with wildflower border to present a stream full of natural wildness.


高山小溪前后对比

Before and after bird’s eye view of mountain stream

23-前后高山小溪对比 ©乐道景观.jpg

保留原始特性,梳理乔木补栽地被 

Keep the original characteristics, comb the arbor replanting ground cover

26-最大程度的保留了现状岩石和野境林木©乐道景观.jpg


溪岸卵石的野性梳理,让人打开心中的边界,真正的走进小溪。夏天,一定是溯溪最热闹的季节,大人带着孩子们在浅滩中戏水捞鱼,露营野餐,山野间一片欢声笑语。

After light intervention, the pebbles on the creek banks eliminated the sense of alienation and invited people to walk into the creek to get close to nature. There are more people playing in the water in the creekIn summer, it must be the most lively season for the creek, with adults taking children to play in the shallows for fish、camping and picnicking, and full of laughter in the mountains and fields.


吸引大量游客溯溪戏水

The combed tracing attracts more and more urban residents to come and experience

27-溪流吸引着越来越多的周边城市居民前来游玩体验©乐道景观.jpg

戏水的孩子们

Children playing in the water

结合溪流打造露营点

Combine streams to create camping spots



人与乡村,土地与理想邦。

Ideal state on rural land


和村民在一起,这是恒邦双林“彭村长”的理想,大家一起来营造一个共生社区,这个社区是原住民、新村民、新农人、手工艺者、文艺工作者的共生,大家聚合在一起,引入文化艺术和新的生活方式,村民们获得了更多探索和学习的机会,依托自产的农特产品,大家也创造出了高桥自己的农创品牌。餐饮、民宿、匠人等配套产业的引入,让村民和返乡入乡的人有了创业的机会,带领乡村真正走向自主发展的轨道。村民收获的不仅是财富,更是从心底散发出的文化自信。

Being with the villagers is the ideal of the “Peng Village Chief” of Hengbang Shuanglin. Together, we will create a symbiosis community. This community is a symbiosis of aboriginals, new villagers, new farmers, craftsmen, and artists. Everyone Gathering together, introducing culture, art and new lifestyles, the villagers have more opportunities to explore and learn. Relying on self-produced agricultural products, they have also created Takahashi's own agricultural brand. The introduction of supporting industries such as catering, homestays, and craftsmen has given villagers and returnees the opportunity to start their own businesses, leading the villages to truly develop independently. What the villagers gain is not only wealth, but also the cultural confidence that radiates from the bottom of their hearts.


旅居中心里的农创产品

Agricultural products in the Sojourn Center

39-旅居中心摆放着琳琅满目的农创、文创产品,带动村民经济收入 ©乐道景观.jpg

劳作的村民们

Working villagers

40-返聘当地的村民,为他们带来更多的劳动收益©高桥里.jpg


在峨眉•高桥小镇里,从土地里自发生长的能量,治愈着纷繁世界里的人们。这里不仅吸引旅人的到来,也成为当地村民向往的新职场。这些村民发自内心的笑容,让这个曾经的空巢乡村重新焕发了生机。

The energy that grows spontaneously from the land heals people who in a complicated world.  Not only does the Gaoqiao Town attract travelers, but it has also become a new workplace for local villagers to aspire to. The heartfelt smiles of these villagers breathing life back into this once empty nesting village.


村民发自内心的笑容

Villagers smile from the heart

41-来自原住村民的微笑©高桥里.jpg


成片的白鹭飞回了福田,久违的萤火虫也重新点亮了夜空,乡村的自然生态与人文生态在这里重新焕发,这2000多亩的土地只是开端,它为未来的文旅小镇做好了生态铺垫。

Patches of egrets have flown back to Futian, and long-lost fireflies have re-lit the night sky.  the natural and human ecology of the countryside is rejuvenated here.This more than 2,000 acres of land is just the beginning, and it paves the way for the future of cultural tourism towns.


成片白鹭飞回福田村©乐道景观.gif

 

高桥小镇未来理想邦

The future ideal state of Gaoqiao Town, Emei

43-峨眉高桥小镇未来理想邦©高桥里.jpg


未来,望山美学馆、福田书院、大乐之野、乐梵秘境花园、非遗匠人村等人文艺术场景也将逐渐在这张乡村画卷中徐徐呈现,这里也终将成为人与乡村和谐共生的理想邦。

In the future, humanities and art scenes such as Wangshan Aesthetics Museum, Futian Academy, Daluezhiye, Lefan Secret Garden, and Intangible Heritage Craftsman Village will gradually appear in this rural picture scroll, and this place will eventually become a harmonious coexistence between man and the village. Ideal state.




项目信息

项目名称:峨眉•高桥小镇

项目地点:四川•峨眉山

项目规模:2000亩

委托方:四川恒邦双林实业集团有限公司

甲方团队:王飛、孙文胜、李孟、苏科、张宗陶、杨善利

完成年份:2021年04月

设计公司:四川乐道景观设计有限公司

主创设计师:陈亚东

设计团队:于明峰、钟琴、苏一笑 、周小媛、邓惠龙、邹洪邦、温利梅、刘丽红、邹璐、邹丽君、程容、周俊、雷冬

花境营造:成都乐梵缔境园艺有限公司

主案设计师:杜佩娜,刘瑜

花境团队:喻佳宁、王琪、危聪宁、杨小情、米赞、刘永红

施工单位:四川圣双园林工程有限公司

摄影:梵境、高桥里项目营销部、一筑一事



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