西安樊川公园二期景观设计 | 中电建西北院+赤地设计
It seems that nothing can be more appropriately placed in this site than the lake water of a mirror. The lake surface located on the central axis of the ancient city is like a "double-sided mirror" reflecting the towering magnificence of the Qinling Mountains and the colorful modern city.
项 目 概 述
On March 1, 2020, Xi'an municipal government officially issued the three-year action plan for the protection and treatment of Xi'an River and lake water systems, which comprehensively launched the goal of water control and ecological Xi'an. Among them, Yuhe River and its tributaries involve 21 river channel treatment projects, which is the focus of water control in the whole region. Originating from the north foot of Qinling Mountains, Yuhe River was the first-class tributary of Weihe River in ancient times and the most famous river in Xi'an. After the Tang Dynasty, it was diverted into Jiaohe River and merged into Fenghe river. Now it is the main tributary of Fenghe River and the secondary tributary of Weihe River. In ancient times, it was called Jishui, and now it is also called Jue river.
The site is located in the section where the Yuhe river flows into Chang'an urban area, covering an area of about 258 mu. The river flows through Fanchuan and meanders under the Shenheyuan slope. It is silted and diverted all year then form a wide beach here. Human disturbance and flooding over the years have made the beach barren and barren, which has become a "Scar" left on the land by Yuhe River. It is urgent to promote the development of urban site and water control projects.
三 个 挑 战
1. The space of the site is ordinary. How to make the site lively and interesting and endow the park with richer humanistic connotation through design？This is the first challenge faced by the design.
2. The north side of the site is separated by Yuhe River and Hedi Road, and the south side is blocked by shenheyuan slope with an elevation difference of nearly 20m. How to effectively integrate the site with the environment is the second challenge facing the project.
3. 90% of the land in the site is wasteland, with repeated drought and flood, which is not suitable for vegetation growth. Ecosystem restoration is the third challenge facing the design.
设 计 策 略
1. Through the systematic combing of spatial and hydrological elements, a regulation and storage water surface with an area of about 54 Mu is designed to be embedded into the river beach. The lake water includes the surrounding scenery, and different viewpoints present people with rich and changeable landscape scenes. At the same time, as an important "node" on the central axis of the ancient city, it has become a fulcrum connecting the city and Qinling Mountains, integrating the park into the huge space-time vision in a more stable way.
2.The earthwork in the site is balanced locally, the excavation and filling are used to shape a rich landscape and terrain system, two river embankments with different flood control levels are constructed, and an excellent camping slope is created. The once-in-20-year ecological berm is like a tenacious link, keeping a certain elastic space between the lake and the river; The 50 year return berm plays a safe role in protecting the stability of the original slope while digesting the excess earthwork.
3.The overhead trestle system provides a rich way for people to feel the beauty. The trestle shuttles between tall poplars, crosses the Yuhe River. And it is connected with the garden road through a gentle slope; As a part of the land extending to the water surface, the waterfront plank road makes people closer to the water body; The overhead platform uses the height difference of the site to form a scenic spot of the distant view.
建 成 效 果 一
（ 夜景 / 2021年6月 ）
One side is the city and the other is the nature. The park is embedded in the site in a certain medium, integrating the separated urban edge with the nature, so as to make the original wasteland full of vitality. At the beginning of the Lantern Festival, there are an endless stream of tourists in the park. People enjoy the convenient transformation between urban life and natural experience.
建 成 效 果 二
（ 日景 / 2021年6月 ）
The lake and the tall poplars retained in the site are intertwined into a blue-green picture. Each functional area is surrounded by the lake area, and the garden roads are intertwined into a network to connect each area. People have carried out rich leisure activities around the water.
建 成 效 果 三
（ 冬景 / 2020年12月 ）
In winter, the park is clear and gorgeous, the white walkway outlines the elegant curve, and the red and yellow interlaced tension membrane embellishes it, which has become the focus of attention in the site. The ripped-rock revetment meets the safety of water boundary and maintains ecology to the greatest extent; The overflow weir skillfully uses the ancient irrigation and water management experience to classify the river channel and divert water into the lake.
The original intention of the design is to put the consideration of local sites into a broader spatial context. The wide lake responds to the natural scenes of towering buildings on the urban boundary and distant mountains on a large scale. This way strengthens people's perception of landscape experience, that is, to awaken a primitive communication between man and nature while being somewhere. After the completion of the park, citizens quickly adapt to and like this new environment, which once became the hottest public space in Xi'an.
It took only six months from the site survey to the basic completion of the park, which is undoubtedly a great test for the whole project team. The design team successfully completed this arduous task through close cooperation and in-depth and efficient on-site service.
项目地点：陕西省 西安市 长安区
Project Name: phase II landscape project of Global water control Fanchuan Park, Chang'an District, Xi'an City
Project location:Chang'an District, Xi'an City，Shanxi Province
Owner: Water Affairs Bureau，Chang'an District，Xi'an City.
Chang'an urban and rural construction and Development Co.，Ltd.
Designer: Northwest Survey, design and Research Institute Co.，Ltd. of China Power Construction Group
Shanghai CHIDI Design Office
Employer: Sinohydro bureau 3 Co., Ltd
Project scale: 17.2 ha (258 mu)
Design time: May, 2020
Completion time: January 2021
Photography team: Zhang Jin ，Song Yu
Copyright: Design in CHIDI