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西班牙巴达霍斯金融中心庭院与屋顶花园景观设计 | Cristina Jorge - Cjcpaisaje

Cjcpaisaje 2021-10-27
原创
  • 项目名称:
    巴达霍斯金融中心的公园,庭院与绿色屋顶
  • 项目地点:
    西班牙埃斯特雷马杜拉巴达霍斯
  • 项目规模:
    19.963 m2
  • 设计公司:
  • 施工单位:
    Joca + Senpa Charcofrío
  • 委托方:
    Caja de Badajoz
  • 图片来源:
    Cjcpaisaje

▼公园里的植物“群岛”

An archipelago of islands with planting in the park © Cjcpaisaje

03 DEHESA Landscape_Urban Park_Current State.jpg


德赫萨景观帮助我们了解了西班牙西部埃斯特雷马杜拉地区发达的农业生产体系。事实上,项目设想的是打造一片在草灌丛中种植有冬青栎、栓皮栎和橄榄树的“群岛”。由圆、椭圆或卵形的同心圆图案构成的景观设计,参考了西班牙西部的德赫萨生态系统:繁茂的树木为许多动植物提供荫蔽,让它们享受着树荫下的清凉与湿润,因为在太阳的暴晒下,草木难以生长。

Dehesa landscape helps us to understand the productive agricultural system of the western area of Spain, Extremadura; indeed, what we contemplate is an archipelago of islands of holm oaks, cork oaks and olives trees among scrubs and pastures. The pattern of concentric shapes of the landscape design, like circles, ovals and ellipses, pay a lot attention to the survival system of the Dehesa ecosystem in the western part of Spain where trees have big canopies and many other plants and animals can live under their shadows because of the low temperature and high humidity in the interior that is in contrast with the temperature outside where sun’s heat does not allow grass can grow. 


▼庭院里的植物“群岛”

An archipelago of islands with planting in the garden © Cjcpaisaje

04 DEHESA Landscape_Gardens_Current State.jpg

▼屋顶上的植物“群岛”

An archipelago of islands with planting on the roof © Cjcpaisaje

01 DEHESA BADAJOZ_Final State.jpg

▼俯瞰景观项目全局

Bir’s eye view of the landscape project © Cjcpaisaje


该项目采用“群岛”式的设计概念,对公园、庭院和绿色屋顶进行分析、设计与管理;其中研究的重点是从正常尺度(人、动物、植物、机器)、微观尺度(单细胞生物)和宏观尺度(热力学参数)三个维度去分析。与此同时,场地内为一些活动提供了最小化设计干预的空间,除必要设施外没有额外的设计,老少咸宜。德赫萨景观项目有以下三个部分:

• 郊野公园的公共空间和连接着河岸、草地与灌木林地的城市停车场。

• 有五个不同用途庭院的半公共文化设施庭院,包括:文化中心、幼儿园、体育馆、住宅与车库。

• 有16层楼83米高的办公大楼私人开放空间的绿色屋顶。

The landscape project deals with the analysis, design and management of park, gardens and green roof by means of a design of archipelagos; the research is focused on analyzing the normal scale (humans, animals, plants, machines), micro scale (unicellular beings) and macro scale (thermodynamics parameters). At the same time, some areas are to lay out with a minimum of detailed spaces for activities, and do no offer anything, but necessary conditions; they are freely accessible for people of various ages who use them for fun. Dehesa landscape’s programme has the following three fields:
•The public realm of the rural park and in the urban car park connecting riverbank, meadowland and shrub land.
•The garden design of the semi-public cultural base through five courtyards of different uses: cultural center, kindergarten, gymnasium, housing and garage.
•The green roof design of the private open space for an office tower, which has 16 floors and height 83m.


▼郊野公园鸟瞰

Bird’s view of the rural park © Cjcpaisaje

07 DEHESA Landscape_Urban Park_Construction State.jpg

▼连接河岸的郊野公园

The rural park connects riverbank © Cjcpaisaje

05 DEHESA Landscape_Green Roof_Current State.jpg

▼人视角度的庭院

Eye-level view of the garden © Cjcpaisaje

019 DEHESA BADAJOZ_Construction 4.jpg

▼办公大楼私人开放空间的绿色屋顶

The green roof of the private open space © Cjcpaisaje

▼最小化设计干预的活动空间

The activity space with minimum detailed design © Cjcpaisaje

020 DEHESA BADAJOZ_Construction 4.jpg


景观岛的设计佐证了创造一种可持续景观模式的可能性,包括合适品质和比例的水、排水系统、矿物质和电能等。它就像是一座先进的实验室,为改善土壤质量提供了可能。基础设施的布置采用了以圆形和卵形为主的同心圆模式,以线性排布,让这里成为了活动集中的场所。最初的几何形态仅是一种短暂的存在,它们会受到极端天气和昼夜变化的影响而失去序列性,犹如自然中的景观那样,不会存在重复的几何形体。

Islands of landscape reveal the possibility of using balanced resources, which consist of the proper qualities and proportions of water, drainage, minerals and electricity, need to maintain growth, such as state-of-art laboratory; they provide the option of erasing the poor soil quality. Concentric patterns include circles, ovoids and straight lines such as nodes where lines of infrastructure converge and where activities concentrate. The original geometry will be affected by the impacts of extreme weather and the time of day and night; so far away of the desire to impose order such as repetitive geometry in nature which is rare, and usually temporary. 


▼公园中的同心圆模式与线性设计

The concentric patterns and linear design in the park © Cjcpaisaje


德赫萨景观项目是由灌木林荫、阳光河岸与草甸余晖三种景色交织而成。景观岛在炎炎夏日里提供了荫凉,覆盖了整个场地。项目分析了如何结合距离与面积来调节空间场地内外物种的平衡。整个景观是一个动态的系统,像是物理过程(如侵蚀和沉积)和生物过程(包括生长、开花和腐烂)共同作用的结果。这非常有助于自播植物的生长,显著提升了植物的混合生长能力,以及新生地中昆虫和动物的成长。散布的景观岛则集中了为人和动植物等服务的能量资源。

Dehesa landscape project can be read as three landscapes in which shade of shrub land, light of river bank and twilight of meadow land share the territory equally. Islands as cool spots inside hot areas are spread. The analysis is how distance and area are combined to regulate the balance between the endogenous and exogenous species. Landscapes are dynamic systems like the result of physical processes (such as erosion and sedimentation) and of biological processes (involving growth, blossoming and decay). It is significant the arrival of volunteer plants and the remarkably dynamic way in which plant species intercross and the role of insects and animals in such developments. Isolates spots concentrate their energy resources such as survival landscape for humans, animals and plants.


▼在夏日提供阴凉的景观岛

Landscape islands provides shade as cool spots © Cjcpaisaje

022 DEHESA BADAJOZ_Construction 4.jpg

0201DEHESA BADAJOZ_Construction 4.jpg

▼项目施工细节

Constructions details of the project © Cjcpaisaje

▼总平面

Main plan © Cjcpaisaje

013 DEHESA Landscape Main Plan.jpg

▼主庭院设计

Main garden plan © Cjcpaisaje

014 DEHESA Landscape Main Garden Plan copy.jpg 

▼种植设计

Plants species plan © Cjcpaisaje

015 DEHESA Landscape Plants Species Plan.jpg


 

项目信息

项目名称:德赫萨景观——巴达霍斯金融中心的公园,庭院与绿色屋顶

项目地址:西班牙埃斯特雷马杜拉巴达霍斯

项目规模:19.963 m2

设计时间:2008-2010

施工时间:2010-2012

景观设计师:Cristina Jorge - Cjcpaisaje 

景观设计师邮箱: cristina.jorge@ua.es

建筑设计师:Estudio Lamela

施工方:Joca + Senpa Charcofrío

委托方:Caja de Badajoz 

图片来源:Cjcpaisaje

Program: Dehesa Landscape——Park, Courtyards and Green roof of Caja Badajoz Financial Centre

Location: Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain

Designer Landscape Project: Cristina Jorge - Cjcpaisaje 

Landscape Designer E-mail: cristina.jorge@ua.es

Designer Architectural Project: Estudio Lamela

Constructors: Joca + Senpa Charcofrío

Commissioned by: Caja de Badajoz 

Area: 19.963 m2

Design: 2008-2010

Implementation Period: 2010-2012

Picture Resource:Cjcpaisaje



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