南京园博园悦榕庄景观设计 | 瀚世景观
图片来源：xf photography- Voyager 21、赖连取
A stone can be as big as a mountain.
Stones can become building materials, borders and shelters.
Stone can decompose and interact with wate、 sunshine 、 air breed life.
Discussing with the designer whether to choose stone or greening is like the focus of debate in the original design report. I think the landscape design is not to make the greening full even if it is finished。 At best, it can only be said to be greening. I prefer to see this stone burst into new green seedlings after wind and rain; The mechanism of sunlight reflecting on ore at different angles; It is like the magnificence of human civilization on the new star, and the wonderful expression of all residents shuttling between the future and reality.
The quarry left bare rock strata, which reflected dazzling geological features and exposed the most primitive geological charm.
General layout of Nanjing banyan tree garden
Using the succession of pioneer plant community
Pioneer plants are the first plant communities to be established. Lichens generally begin to grow on rocks or bare ground, because lichens are the pioneer communities of xerophytic primary succession, and lichens have the strongest vitality in the plant world. According to tests, lichens can grow at a low temperature of minus 273 degrees, so they can grow in deserts, the Arctic and even on the back of sea turtles, In the transformation of saline alkali land and sandy wasteland, the adaptive plant species shall be selected according to the specific conditions of climate and soil, and the pioneer plant community shall be established, so as to gradually transform the barren land into a land where plants can grow.
With the historical process of rock weathering and soil development, pioneer communities such as lichen and moss first appeared on the rock surface, and then replaced by herb community, shrub community and forest community. Each plant community connected with each other in the historical development constitutes a succession series; Perennial grasses: Miscanthus formosana, Miscanthus tenuifolia, Pennisetum - perennial herbs, like warm, humid and sufficient light conditions, cold and drought resistance, regardless of soil。Barren resistant plants: pine, fir, oak, poplar and Sophora japonica - drought and cold resistant, barren resistant, suitable for growing in sandy soil with good drainage. These plants usually have strong vitality; The method of building ecological community with pioneer species is called species framework method. For an ecological community to be restored, light loving and easy to spread herbs are usually used as pioneer species. They appear in the early stage of succession, which can change the soil quality of the area, attract animals and create conditions for the recovery of other plants and animals，This stage is called the pioneer stage.
Flowing water changes the desertification surface and slowly recovers its vitality.
The water can denude the rock, produce the alluvial and floodplain on the river bank, and collect the rainwater system by using the canyon terrain. The introduction of the water system causes the damage of the rock, including weathering and denudation Weathering is the destruction of rocks in situ. The valley develops into a wide valley bottom. At ordinary times, sediment accumulates on the floodplain on both sides of the riverbed, the rainwater accumulates and rises repeatedly, and the alluvium continues to thicken to form the water bank floodplain plain, which opens the growth of grassland landscape.
Due to long-term mechanical mining in old mines, water and soil loss and serious desertification of land lead to the inability of animals and plants to regenerate; In order to make the exposed rocks slowly revive and turn the mine into a unique geological and geomorphic experience, regenerate a mine garden looking for wild interest.
Wilderness landscape design based on nature
The natural growth and decline in the canyon, the succession and development of plant communities, and the naturalistic landscape design method are full of originality, diversity, development and contingency. Following the natural wilderness landscape, the wilderness four seasons garden built by Piet outdoor, the God of wild grass in the Netherlands, is the most beautiful and beautiful, showing the natural appearance of plants passing through the change of seasons, Similarly, in the process of restoring the appearance of the mine garden, we are progressive, successive and sustainable. Restoring the biodiversity in the ecosystem shows the charm of its natural growth.
Like the architectural style and polar landscape of the new planet colony
The primary strategy of Banyan tree in Nanjing Garden Expo landscape design is to show the changes of all things on the earth. The magnificent mountain cliffs, the movement of stars, water elements, sunlight and water streams turn the quarry into the birthplace of plants, which is like a planetary journey. The building blocks reflecting the sun's sunshine are a familiar scene of the existence of human civilization, and the new planetary civilization formed by buildings clinging to the rock mass, It is a warm space capsule isolated from the polar climate, a hot spring platform suspended in the middle of the mountain, looking up at the night sky and embracing the warm spring, like the first human living on the cliff. Walking in the building garden at night is the best corridor to look at the stars.
It is the primitive people who look for habitat to find safe and comfortable habitat
The hot spring area adopts the rough layout of original stones without subtle carving decoration. The gift heat energy from the center of the earth keeps pouring out with the spring; The small pool is full of ten people. The child's original joy runs around the cave, looks at the endless Red Valley rock wall in the pool, and the red sun slowly sinks into the surface. After soaking in the hot spring, he feels comfortable, feels the energy of nature flowing around his body, and makes a primitive self.
When humans haven't found fire and can't obtain heat energy artificially, it is possible that underground heat energy is an important source for primitive people to obtain energy. Now we are used to gas stove or electric heating, and we forget the importance of natural energy. When the blazing sun goes down to the horizon, we soak in the hot spring like monkeys in the snow to fight against the cold air, Using the heat energy from the center of the earth to warm the body, the energy of nature is so close and interdependent with us.
Desolation silence, nothingness expectation、surprise、exploring the strange world of ignorance
Creating life starts from exploring "ignorance". This site was originally an industrial and mining site, which was formed by workers pulling open the surface with one axe and one chisel, exposing the rock stratum 30 meters below the surface. Usually, the original appearance is rarely seen, that is, it is naturally full of an atmosphere of surprise everywhere. The architectural design is built by climbing the rock mass, which is the starting point of the exploration path and the cabin for peeping into the polar region, And we are camped star travelers.
南京园博园规划的宗旨是打造永远盛开的“南京花园”，用造园 艺术 + 生态培育 + 多样功能等多种方式，创造世界级的花园群; 技术上采用生态系统、践行城市双修理念、修复生态基底，构建生态走廊。悦榕庄位于1990 年始建的汤山龙泉采石场，大片灰白、崖壁山石裸露是基地的现状，建筑的形态是依山而设、融于山林石壁。 景观设计最主要的目的是保留工业遗址景观特色、风貌再现，所以我们用缥缈云池、悬浮观景，半山崖壁、多维空间的景象融入到景观设计之中，形态如半山崖壁悬浮半空中，形如半室内，内外空间融合，形如居于云海之上空中花园。
Vacation is a discovery.Different places, different paths.Different buildings, different rooms.Different habits, different tastes.
The purpose of Nanjing Expo park planning is to create a "Nanjing garden" in full bloom forever, and create a world-class garden group by means of gardening art + ecological cultivation + diversified functions; Technically, adopt ecosystem, practice the concept of urban double repair, repair the ecological base and build an ecological corridor. Banyan tree is located in Tangshan Longquan quarry built in 1990. Large areas of gray and bare cliffs and rocks are the current situation of the base. The shape of the building is built close to the mountain and integrated into the mountain forest and stone walls. The main purpose of landscape design is to retain the landscape characteristics and style reproduction of industrial sites. Therefore, we use ethereal cloud pool and suspension viewing, and integrate the scene of mid mountain cliffs and multi-dimensional space into the landscape design. The form is like mid mountain cliffs suspended in mid air, like the integration of indoor and outdoor space, and like an air garden above the sea of clouds.
摄影师：xf photography- Voyager 21、赖连取
Project name：Banyan Tree Hotel Nanjing Garden Expo
English abbreviation：HANCS Landscape Planning and Design (Shanghai) Co.English abbreviation：HANCS （JERRY LAI）
Interior design team: CCD
Architectural design team: China Architectural Design Institute (academician Cui Kai)
Company website (WeChat official account)：HANCS
Contact email ：firstname.lastname@example.org
Landscape Design & completion time: April 2019-october 2021
Photographer：xf photography- Voyager 21、Jerry Lai
Clients：Nanjing Garden Expo