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承德四季度假国际滑雪小镇景观总规划设计 | ALSA

ALSA埃尔萨景观 2021-04-29
原创
  • 项目名称:
    承德四季度假国际滑雪小镇景观总规划设计
  • 项目地点:
    河北省承德市
  • 项目规模:
    287公顷
  • 设计公司:
    ALSA 
  • 委托方:
    中信集团
  • 建成时间:
    2020.01

承德四季度假国际滑雪小镇项目项目总占地10平方公里,共包括11个地块,分三期开发,景观总体面积约711公顷,建设用地占地面积约287公顷;ALSA景观设计事务所参与其景观总体规划及概念设计的国际竞赛投标。在众多国内外一流设计单位的竞赛中获得评审高度评价,以综合实力名列第二。

河北省被京津两市包围,为首都的“后花园”。项目基地位于其东北部承德市中心城区。项目基地距离北京市230公里(约2.5小时车程),天津市300公里(约3小时车程),有良好的基础客源市场。新机场航线往返上海、香港及华南城市,为拓展南方市场提供可能。项目基地位于城市历史风貌轴线,得天独厚的历史文脉区位,延续避暑山庄度假生活方式。

Chengde four seasons international resort ski town project covers a total area of 10 square kilometers, including a total of 11 plots, divided into three stages of development. The total landscape area is about 711 hectares, and the construction land area is about 287 hectares. ALSA participated in the international competition bidding for its landscape master plan and concept design. In many domestic and foreign first-class design company in the competition, with comprehensive ability ranked second.

Surrounded by Beijing andtianjin, hebei province is the “back yard garden” of the capital. The project base is located in the center of Chengde city. The project base is 230 kilometers away from Beijing (about 2.5 hours drive) and 300 kilometers away from Tianjin (about 3 hours drive). The new airport service between Shanghai, Hong Kong and south China offers the possibility to expand the southern market. The project base is located in the axis of the city’s historical features, advantaged historical context location, and continues the summer resortvacation lifestyle.


基地地理位置分析Site location analysis.jpg

▲基地地理位置分析 Site location analysis


基地的现状以山体与谷地位置,山体走势西南高东北低下,中间有自然谷地和自然山脊,山体几处高点有良好视野,可观远处城市景观和周边自然山景。

The site is combined by mountain and valley, the southwest side is the highest spotand slope off to northeast side. Some spot of the ridge have great view todowntown and mountains in the distance.


基地地理地形分析Site geography topographic analysis.jpg

▲基地地理地形分析 Site geography topographic analysis


好的场地条件是好设计的根源。根据现场考察后发现项目基地自然条件优越,地形特殊,具有各种丰富的自然高差和景观条件,从平地到谷地, 山坡到峭壁,蜿蜒道路到曲折的小溪,湿地植被到山顶常绿乔木,多元的景观元素给设计提供了多样可能性的创造空间。

A good side is the resource for the gooddesign. According to the site visit, we found the site has excellent naturallandscape condition with various level change and classes landscape elements,from flatlands to valley, brea to cliff, meander footpath to rivulet, wetlandplanting to evergreen tree on mountian peak. Those landscape elements cancreate great potential for landscape design.


基地现场地形分析Site Field topographic analysis.jpg

▲基地现场地形分析 Site field topographic analysis



概念思考

Concept thinking 

承德,拥有天独厚的地理环境,四季交错的自然风光,历史悠久的传统文化。针对承德独特特质提取”树””水””石”串联古今的自然元素,并通过贯穿设计的三大途径 (“significant”象征,“system”运用以及“service”应用) 形成景观规划的设计手段。

“树”“水”“石”是本项目景观设计的主要组成元素,表现手法多样。结合对现场的认知,通过三种不同的角度去思考所选的景观元素如何在景观设计中表演其不同的角色。“仁者乐山,智者乐水”,在中国的传统文化中,山与水、树与石总是成对出现,相映成趣,蕴藏着人与自然和谐共处的生存之道。因地制宜,尊重自然创造出独特景观,让走进它的每一个人沉浸其中,品味人与自然的朴素关系。

By the unique geographical conditionwith seasonal natural landscape and traditional history, chengdi has spacificcharacteristic. “tree” “water” and “stone” is the element to link the ancient andmodern, which can connect by the three approach as the design strategy.

The elements, “tree” “water” “stone” are the main part in the landscape design invarious way. Our proposal is considering about the roles they can play inlandscape architecture design in the follwing approachs. In the traditional culture of china, mountains and water, trees and stones always appear in pairs, and they are inharmony. It contains the way to survive in harmony with nature. Adapting to local conditions, respectingnature creates a unique landscape, so that everyone who walks into it isimmersed in it, and tastes the simple relationship between man and nature.


一草一树一山一石一湖一水grass tree mountain stone lake and water.jpg

▲一草一树一山一石一湖一水 Grass tree mountain stone lake and water



整体规划策略

The overall landscape planning

整体景观规划建立在优化原有建筑布局的基础上,尊重场地带来的自然优势和机会,通过地形走势,保证功能区域合理分布,最重要是建立交通网络以及生态网络。

The overall landscape planning is built on the basis of optimizing the original architectural layout, respecting the natural advantages and opportunities brought by the site, and ensuring the reasonable distribution of functional areas through the terrain trend. The most important thing is to establish a traffic network and an ecological network.


项目规划布局landscape planning proposal.jpg

▲项目规划布局 Landscape planning proposal

景观空间关系landscape space relation.jpg

▲景观空间关系 Landscape space relation



水系设计策略

The landscape water strategy

本项目场地唯一的现状水文所在之处位于两山形成的山谷之间,根据现场高差分析,山谷间有扩大水纹面积的巨大潜力。景观计划在山谷间创造大小不一人工水系。

The only water on site is located at the valley between two mountains. Base on topography information, the potential to enlarge the water area is remarkable. Various water pool would be created in the valley.


景观水系分析landscape water analysis.jpg

▲景观水系分析 Landscape water analysis


由于场地所处地理条件限制,水资源不足,水资源收集和循环利用在本项目中起重要作用,有效的水资源利用可以改善场地微气候和自然环境环境,保证水资源充足,为场地夏季的水上活动以及冬季的降雪提供必要条件。

Beacuse of the limitation condition, natural water is limited. Water collection andrecycle is the one of the most important landscape strategy for this project, which can improve the microclimate and natural enviroment, ensure adequate water resources, and create the watercondition for water activities in summer and the snowfall for winnter.


景观水系策略landscape water proposal.jpg

▲景观水系策略 Landscape water proposal


ALSA规划采用了四种不同的集水方式,分别是生态集水、道路集水、建筑集水以及污水集水。生态集水,道路集水和建筑集水都是以自然雨水为水源,生态集水通过地表径流与地下径流,流向在本山坡上不同高度上规划了满足生态过滤的洼地,道路集水则是在道路两侧设置排洪渠道收集雨水经过的地下过滤与净化,而建筑集水需要在建筑设计阶段配合满足水生态设计,如通过绿色屋顶和有序排水系统收集水源,最终所有水源都将有序流人规划的蓄水区域等待循环利用。另外还有场地中所产生的生活污水也可作为重要循环水源。

ALSA adopt four different water collection methods in the planning, which are ecological water collection, road water collection, building water collection and sewage water collection. Ecological drainage, road drainageand building water catchment are all based on natural rainwater as the source of water. In ecological drainage water flows through surface run off and underground run off to the depression that we have planned to meet ecological filtration at different heights on the hillside. Road drainage is the way for underground filtration and purification of rainwater collected by drainage channels on both sides of the road. For collecting water in buildings, it is necessary to meet the water ecological design during the architectural design, such as collecting water through green roof and orderly drainage system, and finally all water will flow to the planned storage area in an orderly manner for recycling. In addition, the sewage produced by the lock in the site can also be used as an important circulating water source.



植被设计策略

The landscape plant strategy

山体自然景观以乔木为重点植被,为增加山体绿化量以及四季观赏性,景观植物策略以增加常绿乔木为主如云杉,油松,同时保留原有梨树景观,并在周边区域补种更多梨树与杜鹃,邻水植被保留原有生态感觉,增添白桦等植被,增加植被颜色变化。

The natural landscape of themountain is dominated by arbor. In order to increase the amount of greening of the mountain and the ornamental of the four seasons, the landscape plant strategy is to increase the ever green trees such as spruce and pine, while retaining the original pear landscape and replanting in the and surrounding area. More pear trees and rhododendrons, the adjacent water vegetation retainsthe original ecological feeling, adding white birch to increasing the color change of vegetation.


景观四季植被设计landscape planting design1.jpg

景观四季植被设计landscape planting design2.jpg

▲景观四季植被设计 Landscape planting design

景观细部节点设计landscape detail proposal.jpg

▲景观细部节点设计 Landscape detail proposal


本次景观规划不仅重点考虑并解决生态问题,更考虑项目规划与后期使用的平衡,包括交通流线、旅客疏散、道路规划、车辆停放以及游览路线和内容的规划与布置,很大程度的优化了原有规划方案并提出不同程度的景观策略。

This landscape planning not only focuses on the ecological problems, but also considers the balance between project planning and later use. Including traffic flow, passenger evacuation, road planning, vehicle parking, and tour route and content planning and layout. The original planning scheme has been optimized to a great extent and different landscape strategies have been put forward.


景观总平面Master plan.jpg

▲景观总平面 Master plan

景观剖面关系section.jpg

▲景观剖面关系 Section

季节对比seasonal different.jpg

▲季节对比 Seasonal different



季节适应性游乐设计策略

Seasonal adaptive amusement design strategy

景区游玩项目规划是未来项目吸引游客的重心之一,如何考虑一年因季节变化所针对的不同游乐项目,ALSA也提出来相应的设计策略。ALSA提出将游乐项目分为常年项目与冬季项目两大类型,并且在项目场地使用上可以因季节相互转换,保证四季变化给项目地最大的潜力。

Tourism project planning in scenic spots is one of the focuses to attract tourists for future projects. ALSA also proposes corresponding design strategies on how to consider different amusement projects in a year due to seasonal changes. ALSA proposed to divide the amusement program into two types: perennial program and winter program, and the use of the program site can be installed and changed according to the season, so as to ensure the maximum potential of the program site due to the change of seasons.


 夏季山体景观效果Mountain view in Summer.jpg

▲夏季山体景观效果 Mountain view in Summer

冬季滑雪场效果Ski resort in Winter.jpg

▲冬季滑雪场效果 Ski resort in Winter

冬季景观入口效果Winter entrance.jpg

▲冬季景观入口效果 Winter entrance

夏季主入口广场效果Entrance plaza in Summer.jpg

▲夏季主入口广场效果 Entrance plaza in Summer

秋季溪流景观效果Waterscape in Fall.jpg

▲秋季溪流景观效果 Waterscape in Fall

春季山体景观效果Mountain view in Spring.jpg

▲春季山体景观效果 Mountain view in Spring

夏季滑索缆车景观效果The cable car along the hill.jpg

▲夏季滑索缆车景观效果 The cable car along the hill

冬季温泉度假区效果Spring area in Winter.jpg

▲冬季温泉度假区效果 Spring area in Winter



设计总结

Design conclusion 

对于项目的景观思考,我们发现场地问题,寻找设计机遇,明确功能主题并创造更大的生态景观可能性。

全季节,全天候,全年龄旅游度假胜地是本项目的特殊属性,承德市拥有地利人和的旅游胜地,有各类旅游资源和特色文化。通过对项目信息与本土特色的分析与解读,我们提出了三种连贯项目的三大自然元素“树”“水”“石”,唤醒了人们在旅游度假中对自然环境的需求和重视,并用三个不同的角度把设计元素转换到景观设计中的。

四季变化给项目带来更多潜力,在景观规划上,我们全面的考虑了景观四季的变化以及与季节相互匹配的各类户外活动,春季赏花游园,夏季亲水嬉戏,秋季登高观叶,冬季滑雪探险等等,用景观的语言把人们带进充满魅力的山谷中穿梭。

生态保护是山体项目的重要课题,场地给项目提供了优越的自然条件,为了更好的融合与保护大自然,景观设计提出了很多有效的景观方式,如更多的种植空间,使用环保材料,尽可能不破坏山体结构以及水资源的循环系统等,保证度假环境的可持续发展。

About the design thinking for this project, what we done is find the site limitation, look for opportunities for design, emphasize the functions and theme to creates the bigger ecological landscaping possibility.

The resort for four seasons, all day and all ages is the priority character for this project. Chengde has natural conditions and feature attractions with traditional local characteristic. Three natural elements “tree” “water” “stone” is pushed out by means of the analysis from site information, to remind the needs and attention for the importance of the high quality natural environmentin resort, and uses three different angles to transform the elements tolandscape design.

Seasonal change brings more opportunities for the landscape planning. Natural sceneryand seasonal activities are considered in landscape strategy, for instance, people can admire the beauty of flowers in spring, have water activities during summer, hiking in fall and skiing in winter. The landscape way is used to bringpeople cross the attractive valley.

The another important aspect is ecological protection. In order to keep the advantageous natural conditions, some eco-way for landscape design is proposed, such as have more plants, using environment-friendlymaterial, keep the mountain structure and have the efficient water recycle system to insure the sustainable development for resort.


 


项目名称:承德四季度假国际滑雪小镇景观总规划设计

完成年份:2020.01

项目面积:287公顷

项目地点:河北省承德市

设计公司:法国埃尔萨景观设计事务所

公司网址:http://www.alsa.net.cn/

联系邮箱:469494342@qq.com

主创及设计团队:皮埃尔 阿兰、赖韵琪、张惠英、潘贤乐、赵娟

客户/开发商:中信集团


Project Name: Chengde four seasons international resort ski town

Completion: January 2020

Project Area: 287 hectares

Project Location: Chengde City, Hebei Province, China

Design Company: ALSA

Company Website: http://www.alsa.net.cn/

Contact Email: 469494342@qq.com

Leader Designer & Team: Pierre Alain Freour, Lai Yunqi, Zhang Huiying, Pan Xianle, Zhao Juan

Client/Developer: CITIC Group



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