承德四季度假国际滑雪小镇景观总规划设计 | ALSA
Chengde four seasons international resort ski town project covers a total area of 10 square kilometers, including a total of 11 plots, divided into three stages of development. The total landscape area is about 711 hectares, and the construction land area is about 287 hectares. ALSA participated in the international competition bidding for its landscape master plan and concept design. In many domestic and foreign first-class design company in the competition, with comprehensive ability ranked second.
Surrounded by Beijing andtianjin, hebei province is the “back yard garden” of the capital. The project base is located in the center of Chengde city. The project base is 230 kilometers away from Beijing (about 2.5 hours drive) and 300 kilometers away from Tianjin (about 3 hours drive). The new airport service between Shanghai, Hong Kong and south China offers the possibility to expand the southern market. The project base is located in the axis of the city’s historical features, advantaged historical context location, and continues the summer resortvacation lifestyle.
▲基地地理位置分析 Site location analysis
The site is combined by mountain and valley, the southwest side is the highest spotand slope off to northeast side. Some spot of the ridge have great view todowntown and mountains in the distance.
▲基地地理地形分析 Site geography topographic analysis
A good side is the resource for the gooddesign. According to the site visit, we found the site has excellent naturallandscape condition with various level change and classes landscape elements,from flatlands to valley, brea to cliff, meander footpath to rivulet, wetlandplanting to evergreen tree on mountian peak. Those landscape elements cancreate great potential for landscape design.
▲基地现场地形分析 Site field topographic analysis
承德，拥有天独厚的地理环境，四季交错的自然风光，历史悠久的传统文化。针对承德独特特质提取”树””水””石”串联古今的自然元素，并通过贯穿设计的三大途径 (“significant”象征，“system”运用以及“service”应用) 形成景观规划的设计手段。
By the unique geographical conditionwith seasonal natural landscape and traditional history, chengdi has spacificcharacteristic. “tree” “water” and “stone” is the element to link the ancient andmodern, which can connect by the three approach as the design strategy.
The elements, “tree” “water” “stone” are the main part in the landscape design invarious way. Our proposal is considering about the roles they can play inlandscape architecture design in the follwing approachs. In the traditional culture of china, mountains and water, trees and stones always appear in pairs, and they are inharmony. It contains the way to survive in harmony with nature. Adapting to local conditions, respectingnature creates a unique landscape, so that everyone who walks into it isimmersed in it, and tastes the simple relationship between man and nature.
▲一草一树一山一石一湖一水 Grass tree mountain stone lake and water
The overall landscape planning
The overall landscape planning is built on the basis of optimizing the original architectural layout, respecting the natural advantages and opportunities brought by the site, and ensuring the reasonable distribution of functional areas through the terrain trend. The most important thing is to establish a traffic network and an ecological network.
▲项目规划布局 Landscape planning proposal
▲景观空间关系 Landscape space relation
The landscape water strategy
The only water on site is located at the valley between two mountains. Base on topography information, the potential to enlarge the water area is remarkable. Various water pool would be created in the valley.
▲景观水系分析 Landscape water analysis
Beacuse of the limitation condition, natural water is limited. Water collection andrecycle is the one of the most important landscape strategy for this project, which can improve the microclimate and natural enviroment, ensure adequate water resources, and create the watercondition for water activities in summer and the snowfall for winnter.
▲景观水系策略 Landscape water proposal
ALSA adopt four different water collection methods in the planning, which are ecological water collection, road water collection, building water collection and sewage water collection. Ecological drainage, road drainageand building water catchment are all based on natural rainwater as the source of water. In ecological drainage water flows through surface run off and underground run off to the depression that we have planned to meet ecological filtration at different heights on the hillside. Road drainage is the way for underground filtration and purification of rainwater collected by drainage channels on both sides of the road. For collecting water in buildings, it is necessary to meet the water ecological design during the architectural design, such as collecting water through green roof and orderly drainage system, and finally all water will flow to the planned storage area in an orderly manner for recycling. In addition, the sewage produced by the lock in the site can also be used as an important circulating water source.
The landscape plant strategy
The natural landscape of themountain is dominated by arbor. In order to increase the amount of greening of the mountain and the ornamental of the four seasons, the landscape plant strategy is to increase the ever green trees such as spruce and pine, while retaining the original pear landscape and replanting in the and surrounding area. More pear trees and rhododendrons, the adjacent water vegetation retainsthe original ecological feeling, adding white birch to increasing the color change of vegetation.
▲景观四季植被设计 Landscape planting design
▲景观细部节点设计 Landscape detail proposal
This landscape planning not only focuses on the ecological problems, but also considers the balance between project planning and later use. Including traffic flow, passenger evacuation, road planning, vehicle parking, and tour route and content planning and layout. The original planning scheme has been optimized to a great extent and different landscape strategies have been put forward.
▲景观总平面 Master plan
▲季节对比 Seasonal different
Seasonal adaptive amusement design strategy
Tourism project planning in scenic spots is one of the focuses to attract tourists for future projects. ALSA also proposes corresponding design strategies on how to consider different amusement projects in a year due to seasonal changes. ALSA proposed to divide the amusement program into two types: perennial program and winter program, and the use of the program site can be installed and changed according to the season, so as to ensure the maximum potential of the program site due to the change of seasons.
▲夏季山体景观效果 Mountain view in Summer
▲冬季滑雪场效果 Ski resort in Winter
▲冬季景观入口效果 Winter entrance
▲夏季主入口广场效果 Entrance plaza in Summer
▲秋季溪流景观效果 Waterscape in Fall
▲春季山体景观效果 Mountain view in Spring
▲夏季滑索缆车景观效果 The cable car along the hill
▲冬季温泉度假区效果 Spring area in Winter
About the design thinking for this project, what we done is find the site limitation, look for opportunities for design, emphasize the functions and theme to creates the bigger ecological landscaping possibility.
The resort for four seasons, all day and all ages is the priority character for this project. Chengde has natural conditions and feature attractions with traditional local characteristic. Three natural elements “tree” “water” “stone” is pushed out by means of the analysis from site information, to remind the needs and attention for the importance of the high quality natural environmentin resort, and uses three different angles to transform the elements tolandscape design.
Seasonal change brings more opportunities for the landscape planning. Natural sceneryand seasonal activities are considered in landscape strategy, for instance, people can admire the beauty of flowers in spring, have water activities during summer, hiking in fall and skiing in winter. The landscape way is used to bringpeople cross the attractive valley.
The another important aspect is ecological protection. In order to keep the advantageous natural conditions, some eco-way for landscape design is proposed, such as have more plants, using environment-friendlymaterial, keep the mountain structure and have the efficient water recycle system to insure the sustainable development for resort.
Project Name: Chengde four seasons international resort ski town
Completion: January 2020
Project Area: 287 hectares
Project Location: Chengde City, Hebei Province, China
Design Company: ALSA
Company Website: http://www.alsa.net.cn/
Contact Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Leader Designer & Team: Pierre Alain Freour, Lai Yunqi, Zhang Huiying, Pan Xianle, Zhao Juan
Client/Developer: CITIC Group