上海树桌花园景观设计 | 大观景观
In China, more than 90% of secondary schools are public schools, which provide good basic education services for the surrounding communities. However, the traditional campuses focus on the teaching functions of classrooms and laboratories, and lack sufficient attention to public spaces. Outdoors, although there are many green spaces, there are few real activities and communication spaces, and they lack vitality.
为适应当代学生教学和生活的新需求，上海市实验学校（Shanghai Experimental School，SES）在近两年进行了一系列的校园空间改造与更新。改造重点之一的就是位于校园建筑群核心的树桌花园。
In order to adapt to the new needs of contemporary students' teaching and living, Shanghai Experimental School (SES) has carried out a series of indoor and outdoor renovations and updates in the past two years. One of the key points of the renovation is the tree-table garden at the heart of the campus complex.
Renovation design transforms a boring closed green courtyard into a dynamic and interesting positive space on a limited scale, providing students with a new space for outdoor classes, experiments, dinners and games, encouraging students to The interaction and teamwork bring more possibilities to campus life.
Facing the new needs of contemporary students' campus life, Shanghai Experimental School (SES) has carried out a series of transformations on indoor and outdoor spaces in the campus. It is hoped that the new space will help schools carry out diversified teaching work and at the same time Students offer more diverse event spaces.
Before the renovation of the tree table garden, there was a square courtyard between several teaching buildings. Although it was located in the center of the school, it was very closed. The plants planted 10 years ago, although they have flourished after many years of growth, are somewhat messy and obscure sights from almost every angle. The courtyard side corridor connects the canteen and the gymnasium, and the usage rate is high, but it is blocked by the railing, making it almost impossible to enter the courtyard. The first floor lobby adjacent to the courtyard is an important entrance for the school building. Due to the poor appearance of the courtyard, the floor-to-ceiling glass facing the courtyard is all affixed with posters, which are tightly sealed, which makes the relationship between the whole courtyard and the surrounding area more divestiture. The path in the current courtyard is also somewhat confusing, and it does not function as a transportation link, nor can it support more activities.
SES proposed the transformation requirements for the integration of courtyard and surrounding building space. Landscape architects and interior designers work together to create an open, indoor and outdoor courtyard space.
Plan for design
The transformation design strives to minimize the isolation between the garden and the building space, and establish a spatial system for indoor and outdoor integration. The courtyard space should be more open to meet the needs of daily walking and activities. Teachers and students can enter from all directions and meet the needs of barrier-free. The courtyard space can also meet the diverse use of students, such as outdoor classes, class gatherings, nature experiments, game entertainment, etc. It is also convenient to hold some informal and easy small-scale exchange activities at the school level. The native trees in the courtyard are all preserved and can be an important feature of the entire courtyard.
Open and connected
Working with architectural interior designers, the first floor lobby is completely open to the courtyard, and the corridor space is also expanded into a learning and communication space, fully integrated with the courtyard space.
The reconstructed courtyard adopts a fully transparent design, which can be accessed all around and can be stopped inside, which is convenient for students' daily convenient and unobstructed travel. The line of sight of the first floor lobby of the complex building and the opposite school building was established, and the continuity of the campus space was significantly improved.
At the same time, thanks to the openness of the space and the transparency of the line of sight, the trees have truly become a distinctive feature in the courtyard.
An outdoor classroom with a dynamic space
The new courtyard is finally dominated by trees and tables, and is called the Tree Table Garden by SES teachers and students.
The tree table, which is the most important element of the whole garden, looks like a free and random appearance, and actually evolved according to the desk scale of a 40-person class. The tree table is positioned according to the position of the original trunk. Four sets of free-form desktops float and float between the trees to form a “tree table” under the shade of the trees, creating a learning space adjacent to the tree. The length is greater than the sum of the lengths of all the desks in a regular class. It can carry out outdoor teaching courses, and the spacing and gaps correspond to the surrounding building interfaces and channels. The Tree Table Garden defines the first informal learning space outside of SES. Compared with indoor or semi-indoor spaces, it has a more open environment, a more convenient walking experience and a greener natural landscape. The Tree Table Garden encourages the free use of teachers and students to expand the functions that the original courtyard does not have.
There is no fence in the tree table garden, no entrances and exits, no fixed seats, no cumbersome rules of use, and some are only suitable scales and flat space, encouraging a variety of imaginative and diversified use. In normal times, Tree Table Garden is a green and poetic existence for SES, quietly accompanying teachers and students, once it is integrated into various activities, it instantly becomes a vibrant campus center.
Tree retention and rainwater management
The original 11 trees are very common varieties, not at all expensive. However, after years of growth, the green upper layer has been formed, and the design retains and continues this element. It is also a memory of the campus and a respect for the ecology. While retaining the native 11 trees, the unmanaged shrubs and ground cover were partially removed, replacing the new tree table design that would protect the native trees from water and breathability.
At the same time, the garden floor also adopts a fully permeable ground to guide the rapid infiltration of rainwater and also reduce the wetness of the ground. Taking into account the flat floor inside and outside the building, in order to prevent rainwater from pouring into the room during heavy rain, a linear drainage system is used around the garden to drain excess ground runoff.
Comparing the courtyard before the renovation and the tree garden in the renovation, we can see that the upper trees are still flourishing, but the space under the trees has changed. The transition from a lack of vitality to a vibrant green space provides a new space for students to take classes, experiment, gather, and play games, bringing more possibilities to student life.